Wrestling with Demons: History of Psychiatry /

Lutter contre les démons: histoire de la psychiatrie


(Search on keyword as most references appear only once /

Cherchez par mot-clé car la plupart des références n'apparaissent qu'une seule fois)


Topics in this page / Sujets ici


General Works / Ouvrages généraux

Antiquity to the Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières    

Global and Colonial Psychiatry / Psychiatrie globale et coloniale

Modern Psychiatry -- by country / Psychiatrie modern – par nation

Africa, Australia, Asia, Britain and Ireland  France, Germany, Other European Countries

Latin America, Canada, United States


Afrique, Australie, Asie, Iles Britanniques, France, Allemagne, Europe, Amérique Latine, Canada, Etats Unis

Military psychiatry / psychiatrie militaire

Anti-psychiatry movement / mouvement antipsychiatrique


General Works / Ouvrages généraux

Alexander, Franz G., and Sheldon T. Selesnick. The History of Psychiatry: An Evaluation of Psychiatric Thought and Practice from Prehistoric Times to the Present. New York: Harper Row, 1966.

Appignanesi, Lisa. Mad, Bad and Sad: Women and the Mind Doctors. New York: W. W. Norton, 2008.

Barbagli, Marzio. Farewell to the World: A History of Suicide. Trans. Lucinda Byatt. Uniform: Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2015.

Bartlett, P. Introduction: New Approaches to Established Themes in the History of Psychiatry. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 25 (2002), 299-302.

Bayer, Ronald, and Robert L. Spitzer. Edited Correspondence on the Status of Homosexuality in DSM-III. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 18 (1982), 32–52.

Blazer, Dan G. The Age of Melancholy: ‘Major Depression’ and Its Social Origins. New York; Hove: Routledge, 2005.

Bonah, Christian, ed. Harmonizing Drugs: Standards in 20th-Century Pharmaceutical History. Paris: Éditions Glyphe, 2009.

Burns, Tom. Our Necessary Shadow: The Nature and Meaning of Psychiatry. London: Allen Lane, 2013.

Bynum, W.F., Roy Porter, and Michael Shepherd, eds. The Anatomy of Madness: Essays in the History of Psychiatry. 3 vols. London and New York: Tavistock, 1985–8.

Cantor, David, and Edmund Ramsden, eds. Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2014.

Chieze, M., Hurst, S., Kaiser, S., & Sentissi, O. Effects of Seclusion and Restraint in Adult Psychiatry: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry 10 (2019): 491 (19 pages).

Crossley, Nick. Contesting Psychiatry: Social Movements in Mental Health. Critical Studies in Health and Society. London; New York: Routledge, 2006.

Decker, Hannah S. The Making of DSM-III: A Diagnostic Manual's Conquest of American Psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Demazeux, Steeves, and Patrick Singy, eds. The DSM-5 in Perspective: Philosophical Reflections on the Psychiatric Babel. Springer, 2015.

Eghigian, Greg, ed. The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health. London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.

Ellenberger, Henri F. Beyond the Unconscious: Essays of Henri F. Ellenberger in the History of Psychiatry, ed. M.S. Micale. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Ellenberger, Henri. Ethno-psychiatrie; ed. Emmanuel Delille. Lyon: ENS éditions, 2017.

Ernst, Waltraud, ed. Work, Psychiatry and Society, c.1750-2010. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016.

Escamilla, Michael. Bleuler, Jung, and the Creation of the Schizophrenias. Switzerland: Daimon Verlag, 2016.

Fernando, Suman. Institutional Racism in Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology: Race Matters in Mental Health. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2017.

Finger, Stanley and Paul Eling, Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Foley, Paul Bernard. Encephalitis Lethargica: The Mind and Brain Virus. New York: Springer, 2018.

Foucault, Michel, and Jacques Lagrange. Psychiatric Power: Lectures at the Collège De France, 1973-74, trans. Graham Burchell, ed. Jacques Lagrange. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Foucault, Michel.  History of Madness, trans. Jonathan Murphy and Jean Khalfa, ed. Jean Khalfa. London; New York: Routledge, 2006.

Foucault, Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Rea­son, trans. Richard Howard. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.

Freud, Sigmund. The Origins of Psychoanalysis, ed. Marie Bonaparte, Anna Freud, and Ernst Kris, trans. Eric Mosbacher and James Strachey. New York: Basic Books, 1954.

Gelfand, Toby, and John Kerr, eds. Freud and the History of Psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, N.J.: Analytic Press, 1992.

Gijswijt-Hofstra, Marijke, ed. Psychiatric Cultures Compared: Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century: Comparisons and Approaches. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2005.

Greenfeld, Liah. Mind, Modernity, Madness: The Impact of Culture on Human Experience. Cambridge, Mass.; London: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Guenther, Katja. Localization and Its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2016.

Hacking, Ian. Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Hanganu-Bresch, Cristina and Carol Berkenkotter. Diagnosing Madness: The Discursive Construction of the Psychiatric Patient, 1850-1920. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2019.

Harrington, Anne. Mind Fixers: Psychiatry’s Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2019.

Healy, David. Let Them Eat Prozac: The Unhealthy Relationship between the Pharmaceutical Industry and Depression. Toronto: Lorimer, 2003.

Healy, David. The Creation of Psychopharmacology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Hermsen, Lisa M. Manic Minds: Mania's Mad History and Its Neuro-Future. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2011.

Hess, Volker, and Benoit Majerus, Writing the history of psychiatry in the 20th century. History of Psychiatry 22.86 Pt 2 (2011):139-45.

Hirshbein, Laura. Sex and Gender in Psychiatry: A View from History. The Journal of Medical Humanities 31:2 (2010): 155–170.

Horwitz, Allan V. Creating Mental Illness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Jackson, Stanley W., Melancholia and Depression: From Hippocratic Times to Modern Times. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.

Jenkins, Janis H. Extraordinary Conditions: Culture and Experience in Mental Illness. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2015.

Klein, Alexandre, H. Guillemain, and Marie-Claude Thifault, eds. La fin de l’asile? Histoire de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique dans l'espace francophone au XXe siècle, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018.

Lamb, Susan. (Not) A Bromide Story: Myth-Busting Bromide of Potassium to Create a Case Study of Change and Continuity in Nineteenth-Century Medicine. Pharmacy in History 60. 4 (2018): 108-23.

Lieberman, Jeffrey A. and Ogi Ogas. Shrinks: The Untold Story of Psychiatry. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2015.

Malcolm, Janet. In the Freud Archives. New York: Vintage Books, 1985.

Markel, Howard. An Anatomy of Addiction: Sigmund Freud, William Halsted and the Miracle Drug, Cocaine.  New York: Pantheon Books, 2011.

Micale, Mark S., and Paul Frederick Lerner, eds. Traumatic Pasts: History, Psychiatry, and Trauma in the Modern Age, 1870-1930. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Micale, Mark S., and Roy Porter, eds. Discovery of the History of Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Micale, Mark S., ed. The Mind of Modernism: Medicine, Psychology, and the Cultural Arts in Europe and America, 1880-1940. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Moore, Greg de, and Ann Westmore. Finding Sanity: John Cade, Lithium and the Taming of Bipolar Disorder. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin, 2016.

Noll, R. The Blood of the Insane. History of Psychiatry 17 (2006), 395-418.

Oosterhuis, Harry. Stepchildren of Nature: Krafft-Ebing, Psychiatry, and the Making of Sexual Indentity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Peckham, Robert, ed. Disease and Crime: A History of Social Pathologies and the New Politics of Health. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2014.

Pietikäinen, Petteri. Madness: A History. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2015.

Porter, Roy, and David Wright, eds. The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Porter, Roy. Madness: A Brief History. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Postel, Jacques, and Claude Quetel. Nouvelle histoire de la psychiatrie. 3rd edn. Paris: Dunod, 2002.

Reaume, Geoffrey. Mad People's History. Radical History Review 2006.94 (2006): 170–82.

Reaume, Geoffrey. Mad People's History. Radical History Review 94 (2006), 170-82.

Reay, Barry Nina Attwood and Claire Gooder. Sex Addiction: A Critical History. Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity, 2015.

Robinson, Paul. Freud and His Critics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Ryberg, Jesper. Neurointerventions, Crime, and Punishment: Ethical Considerations. New York: Oxford University Press; 2019.

Schaffner, Anna Katharina. Exhaustion: A History. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016.

Schioldann, Johan and Johan Schioldann Nielsen. History of the Introduction of Lithium into Medicine and Psychiatry: Birth of Modern Psychopharmacology, 1949 Upper Sturt, S. Aust.: Adelaide Academic Press, 2009.

Scull, Andrew T. The Insanity of Place, the Place of Insanity: Essays on the History of Psychiatry. London; New York: Routledge, 2006.

Scull, Andrew, ed. Cultural Sociology of Mental Illness: An A-to-Z guide. University of California, San Diego. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Reference, 2014.

Sessa, Ben. The Psychedelic Renaissance: Reassessing the Role of Psychedelic Drugs in 21st Century Psychiatry and Society. London: Muswell Hill Press, 2017.

Shorter, Edward, and David Healy. Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.

Shorter, Edward, and Max Fink. Endocrine Psychiatry: Solving the Riddle of Melancholia. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Shorter, Edward. A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Shorter, Edward. A History of Psychiatry: From the Era of the Asylum to the Age of Prozac. New York: Wiley, 1997.

Shorter, Edward. Before Prozac: The Troubled History of Mood Disorders in Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Shorter, Edward. From the Mind into the Body: The Cultural Origins of Psychosomatic Symptoms. New York; Toronto: Free Press and Maxwell Macmillan, 1994.

Shorter, Edward. How Everyone Became Depressed: The Rise and Fall of the Nervous Breakdown. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Shorter, Edward. What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5: Historical Mental Disorders Today. New York: Routledge, 2015.

Showalter, Elaine. Hystories: Hysterical Epidemics and Modern Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

Thiher, Allen. Revels in Madness: Insanity in Medicine and Literature. Corporealities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Topp, Leslie , James E.  Moran, and Jonathan Andrews, eds. Madness, Architecture and Built Environment: Psychiatric Spaces in Historical Context. London; New York: Routledge, 2007.

Wallace, Edwin R.  and John Gach, eds. History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology: With an Epilogue on Psychiatry and the Mind-Body Relation. Springer Science & Business Media, Apr. 13, 2010.  (Chapters 6, 7, and 8 are by Dora Weiner on Enlightenment psychiatry Chiarugi and Pinel)

Walton, Samantha. Guilty but Insane: Mind and Law in Golden Age Detective Fiction. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Weindling, Paul J. John W. Thompson: Psychiatrist in the Shadow of the Holocaust. Rochester; Woodbridge: University of Rochester Press, 2010.

Whyte, Lancelot Law. The Unconscious before Freud. New York: St Martin’s Press, 1978Young, Allan. The Harmony of Illusions: Inventing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Young, Sera L. Craving Earth: Understanding Pica: The Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Zedlitz, Kathrin Pica: die Geschichte einer vergessenen Essstörung. WiKu: 2010.


Antiquity to the Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières 

Almond, Philip C. Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern England: Contemporary Texts and their Cultural Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate. The Strange Case of Ermine de Reims: A Medieval Woman
between Demons and Saints
. U Pennsylvania Press 2015.

Brock, Michelle D., Richard Raiswell, and David R. Winter, eds. Knowing Demons, Knowing Spirits in the Early Modern Period. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

Dols, Michael W. Majnun: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society, ed. Diana E. Immisch. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992Lederer, David. Madness, Religion and the State in Early Modern Europe: A Bavarian Beacon. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Ferber, Sarah. Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern France. London; New York: Routledge, 2004.

French, Anna. Children of Wrath: Possession, Prophecy and the Young in Early Modern England. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2015.

Koenig, Anne M. Shipping Fools: Foucault’s Wandering Madman and Civic Responsibility in Late Medieval Germany Journal of Social History, 06 June 2019.

Levac, Brian P. The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe, 3rd ed. Routledge: 2006.

Levack, Brian P. The Devil Within: Possession and Exorcism in the Christian West. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2013.

Mellyn, Elizabeth Walker. Mad Tuscans and their Families: A History of Mental Disorder in Early Modern Italy. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.

Midelfort, H. C. Erik. A History of Madness in Sixteenth-Century Germany. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Pigeaud, Jackie. Folie et cures de la folie chez les médecins de l’antiquité greco-romaine. Paris: Belles Lettres, 1987.

Simon, Bennett. Mind and Madness in Ancient Greece: The Classical Roots of Modern Psychiatry. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1978.

Thumiger, Chiara. A History of the Mind and Mental Health in Classical Greek Medical Thought. Cambridge, United Kingdom; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Turner, Wendy J. ed. Madness in Medieval Law and Custom. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.


Global and Colonial Psychiatry / Psychiatrie globale et coloniale

Anderson, Warwick, Deborah Jenson, and Richard C. Keller, eds. Unconscious Dominions: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2011.

 Bhugra, Dinesh, and Roland Littlewood, eds. Colonialism and Psychiatry. New Delhi; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Engstrom, Eric and Ivan Crozier. Race, Alcohol and General Paralysis: Emil Kraepelin’s Comparative Psychiatry and his Trips to Java (1904) and North America (1925). History of Psychiatry 29.3 (2018): 263-281.

Jones, Lynne. Outside the Asylum: A Memoir of War, Disaster and Humanitarian Psychiatry. Great Britain: W&N, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2017.

 Laine-Frigren, Tuomas, Jari Eilola, and Markku Hokkanen, eds. Encountering Crises of the Mind: Madness, Culture and Society, 1200s-1900s. Leiden: Boston; Brill, 2019.

 Mooney, Graham and Jonathan Reinarz, eds. Permeable Walls: Historical Perspectives on Hospital and Asylum Visiting. Rodopi, 2009.


Africa / Afrique

Collignon, Rene. Henri Collomb and the Emergence of a Psychiatry Open to Otherness through Interdisciplinary Dialogue in Post-Independence Dakar. History of Psychiatry 29/3 (2018): 350-362.

Heaton, Matthew M. Black Skin, White Coats: Nigerian Psychiatrists, Decolonization, and the Globalization of Psychiatry. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2013.

Heaton, Matthew M. The Politics and Practice of Thomas Adeoye Lambo: Towards a Post-Colonial History of Transcultural Psychiatry. History of Psychiatry 29.3 (2018): 315-330.

Jackson, Lynette. Surfacing Up: Psychiatry and Social Order in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1908-1968. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2005.

Jackson, Will. Bad Blood: Poverty, Psychopathy and the Politics of Transgression in Kenya Colony, 1939-59. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 39.1 (2011): 73–94.

Jones, Tiffany Fawn. Psychiatry, Mental Institutions, and the Mad in Apartheid South AfricaPsychiatry, Mental Institutions, and the Mad in Apartheid South Africa. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Keller, Richard C. Colonial Madness: Psychiatry in French North Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Pringle, Yolana. Psychiatry and Decolonisation in Uganda. Basingstoke: Springer, 2019.

Sadowsky, Jonathan Hal. Imperial Bedlam: Institutions of Madness in Colonial Southwest Nigeria. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Studer, Nina Salouâ. The Hidden Patients: North African Women in French Colonial Psychiatry. Köln/Wien: Bohlau Verlag Gmbh & Cie, 2015.

Summers, Martin. Suitable Care of the African When Afflicted with Insanity: Race, Madness, and Social Order in Comparative Perspective. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 84.1 (2010): 58–91.


Australia and Oceania / Australie et Océanie

Cawte, John. The Last of the Lunatics. Carlton South, Vic., Australia: Melbourne University Press, 1998.

Coleborne, Catharine, and Dolly MacKinnon, eds. Madness in Australia: Histories, Heritage and the Asylum. St. Lucia, QLD: University of Queensland Press, 2003.

Damousi, Joy. Freud in the Antipodes: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in Australia. Sydney, NSW: UNSW Press, 2005.

Leckie, Jacqueline. Colonizing Madness: Asylum and Community in Fiji. University of Hawai'i Press, 2020. E-Book:

Monk, Lee-Ann. Attending Madness: At Work in the Australian Colonial Asylum. Clio medica, vol. 84. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2008.


Asia / Asie

Ayonrinde, Oyedeji A. Cannabis and psychosis: revisiting a nineteenth century study of ‘Indian Hemp and Insanity’ in Colonial British India. Psychological Medicine 50.7 (2020: 1164-72.

Brintlinger, Angela, and Ilya Vinitski, eds. Madness and the Mad in Russian Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.

Chiang, Howard, ed. Psychiatry and Chinese History. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2014.

Ernst, Waltraud, Biswamoy Pati and T.V. Sekher. Health and Medicine in the Indian Princely States: 1850-1950. London; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2018.

Ernst, Waltraud. Mad Tales from the Raj: Colonial Psychiatry in South Asia, 1800-58. Anthem Press, London, 2010.

Ernst, Waltraud. Colonialism and Transnational Psychiatry: The Development of an Indian Mental Hospital in British India, c. 1925 – 1940. Anthem Press, London, 2013.

Kitanaka, Junko. Depression in Japan: Psychiatric Cures for a Society in Distress. Princeton, N.J.; Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Matsumura, J. State Propaganda and Mental Disorders: The Issue of Psychiatric Casualties among Japanese Soldiers During the Asia-Pacific War. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 78 (2004), 804-35.

Pinto, Sarah. Daughters of Parvati: Women and Madness in Contemporary India. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.

Sirotkina, Irina. Diagnosing Literary Genius: A Cultural History of Psychiatry in Russia, 1880-1930. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Suzuki, Akihito ‘A Brain Hospital in Tokyo and Its Private and Public Patients, 1926-45. History of Psychiatry 14 (2003), 337-60.

Wang, Wen-Ji. Neurasthenia, Psy Sciences and the great leap forward in Maoist China. History of Psychiatry 30/4 (2019): 443-459.

Yoo, Theodore Jun. It's Madness: The Politics of Mental Health in Colonial Korea. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2016.


Britain / Iles Britanniques

Allderidge, Patricia. Bethlem Hospital 1247-1997 a Pictorial Record. Chichester: Phillimore, 1997.

Andrews, Jonathan, and Andrew T. Scull.  Customers and Patrons of the Mad-Trade: The Management of Lunacy in Eighteenth-Century London: With the Complete Text of John Monro's 1766 Case Book. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.

Andrews, Jonathan, and Andrew T. Scull. Undertaker of the Mind: John Monro and Mad-Doctoring in Eighteenth-Century England. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Andrews, Jonathan, and Anne Digby, eds. Sex and Seclusion, Class, and Custody Perspectives on Gender and Class in the History of British and Irish Psychiatry. Clio medica, vol. 73. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004.

Angel, Katherine, Edgar Jones, and Michael Neve, eds. European Psychiatry on the Eve of War: Aubrey Lewis, the Maudsley Hospital, and the Rockefeller Foundation in the 1930s. London: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL, 2003.

Barham, Peter. Forgotten Lunatics of the Great War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

Bartlett, Peter, and David Wright, eds. Outside the Walls of the Asylum: The History of Care in the Community, 1750-2000. London: Atholone, 1999.

Beveridge, Allan. Portrait of the Psychiatrist as a Young Man: The Early Writing and Work of R.D. Laing, 1927-1960. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Bouras, Nick. Reflections on the Challenges of Psychiatry in the UK and Beyond: A Psychiatrist's Chronicle from Deinstitutionalisation to Community Care. Hove, East Sussex: Pavillion, 2017.

Dally, A. Psychiatric Treatment in the Twentieth Century. Social History of Medicine 13 (2000), 547-54.

Davies, Kerry. Silent and Censured Travellers? Patients' Narratives and Patients' Voices: Perspectives on the History of Mental Illness since 1948. Social History of Medicine 14 (2001), 267-92.

Eigen, Joel Peter. Mad-Doctors in the Dock: Defending the Diagnosis, 1760-1913. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016.

Gijswijt-Hofstra, Marijke, and Roy Porter, eds. Cultures of Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in Postwar Britain and the Netherlands. Clio medica, vol. 49. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998.

Gittins, Diana. Madness in Its Place: Narratives of Severalls Hospital, 1913-1997. London; New York: Routledge, 1998.

Hilton, Claire. Improving Psychiatric Care for Older people: Barbara Robb's campaign 1965-1975. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Jackson, Mark, ed. Stress in Post-War Britain, 1945-85. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2015.

Jackson, Mark. The Borderland of Imbecility: Medicine, Society and the Fabrication of the Feeble Mind in Late Victorian and Edwardian England. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Kelly, Brendan. Hearing Voices: The History of Psychiatry in Ireland. Newbridge, Co. Kildare, Ireland: Irish Academic Press, 2016.

Kuhn, Philip. Psychoanalysis in Britain, 1893-1913: Histories and Historiography. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2017.

Loughran. Tracey. Shell-Shock and Medical Culture in First World War Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Lucey, Jim. In My Room: The Human Journey as Encountered by a Psychiatrist. by. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 2014.

MacDonald, Michael. Mystical Bedlam: Madness, Anxiety, and Healing in Seventeenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Marland, Hilary. Disappointment and Desolation: Women, Doctors and Interpretations of Puerperal Insanity in the Nineteenth Century. History of Psychiatry 14 (2003), 303-20.

Melling, Joseph, and Bill Forsythe, eds. Insanity, Institutions, and Society, 1800-1914: A Social History of Madness in Comparative Perspective. London; New York: Routledge, 1999.

Mooney, Graham and Jonathan Reinarz, eds. Permeable Walls: Historical Perspectives on Hospital and Asylum Visiting. Rodopi, 2009.

Porter, Roy. ‘Mind-Forg'd Manacles’: A History of Madness in England from the Restoration to the Regency. London: Athlone, 1987.

Scull, Andrew T. Chlorpromazine Is No Penicillin. Times Literary Supplement, 16 May 1997, 8–10.

Scull, Andrew T. The Most Solitary of Afflictions: Madness and Society in Britain, 1700–1900. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1993.

Suzuki, Akihito. Madness at Home: The Psychiatrist, the Patient, and the Family in England, 1820-1860. Medicine and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Taylor, Steven J. Child Insanity in England, 1845-1907. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Toms, Jonathan. Mental Hygiene and Psychiatry in Modern Britain. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Wright, David, and Anne Digby, eds. From Idiocy to Mental Deficiency: Historical Perspectives on People with Learning Disabilities. London; New York: Routledge, 1996.

Wright, David. Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum, 1847-1901. Oxford; New York: Clarendon, 2001.




Brown, Thomas E. Foucault Plus Twenty: On the Writing of Canadian Psychiatry in the 1980s. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 2 (1985), 23–50.

Cellard, André, and Marie-Claude Thifault. Une toupie sur la tête: visages de la folie à Saint-Jean-de-Dieu. Montréal: Boréal, 2007.

Cellard, André. Histoire de la folie au Québec de 1600 a 1850: Le désordre. Montréal: Boréal, 1991.

Collin, Johanne, et al., eds. Le médicament au coeur de la socialité contemporaine: regards croisés sur un objet complexe. Ste Foy: Presses de l'Université de Québec, 2006.

Collins, Anne. In the Sleep Room: The Story of the CIA Brainwashing Experiments in Canada. Toronto: Lester and Orpen Dennys, 1988.

Davies, Megan J. Into the House of Old: A History of Residential Care in British Columbia. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003.

Dowbiggin, Ian Robert. Keeping America Sane: Psychiatry and Eugenics in the United States and Canada, 1880-1940. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Dubé, Viateur, and André Paradis. Essais pour une préhistoire de la psychiatrie au Canada, 1800–1885, suivi d’une anthologie de textes. Trois-Rivières: Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Dep. de philosophie, no. 15, 1977.

Duffin. Jacalyn. Robert Bruce Sloane and the mid-20th century travails of academic psychiatry. Journal of Medical Biography, Published online 14 January 2020.

Dyck, Erica. Psychedelic Psychiatry: LSD from Clinic to Campus. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Dyck, Erika, and Alex Deighton. Managing Madness: Weyburn Mental Hospital and the Transformation of Psychiatric Care in Canada. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2017.

Dyck, Erika. Psychedelic Psychiatry: LSD on the Canadian Prairie. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2012.

Edginton, Barry. Moral Treatment to Monolith: The Institutional Treatment of the Insane in Manitoba, 1871–1919.’Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 5 (1988), 167–88.

Edginton, Barry. The Design of Moral Architecture at the York Retreat. Journal of Design History 16 (2003), 103-17.

Elias, Brenda, Javier Mignone, Madelyn Hall, Say P Hong, Lyna Hart, and Jitender Sareen. Trauma and Suicide Behaviour Histories Among a Canadian Indigenous Population: An Empirical Exploration of the Potential Role of Canada’s Residential School System. Social Science and Medicine 74/10 (2012): 1560–1569.

Gratzer, David, and David Goldbloom. Making Evidence-Based Psychotherapy More Accessible in Canada. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 61.10 (2016): 618-23. doi:10.1177/0706743716642416

Goldbloom, David and Pier Bryden. How Can I Help? A Week in My Life as a Psychiatrist. Simon and Schuster Canada, 2017.

Keating, Peter. La science du mal: L’institution de la psychiatrie au Québec, 1800– 1914. Montreal: Boréal, 1993.

Lavallee, Lynn F, and Jennifer M Poole. Beyond Recovery: Colonization, Health and Healing for Indigenous People in Canada. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 8:2 (2009): 271–281.

Le François, Brenda A., Robert Menzies, and Geoffrey Reaume, eds. Mad Matters: A Critical Reader in Canadian Mad Studies. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press Inc., 2013.

Lehmann, Heinz.  The introduction of chlorpromazine to North America.  Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa. 14.1 (1989): 263-65.

Lowy, F.H., and R.O. Jones. The Canadian Certification Examination in Psychiatry. I. Historical Notes. Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal 24 (1979), 275–84.

Madness Canada, website clearing house of several historical projects.

Mills, John A. Lessons from the Periphery: Psychiatry in Saskatchewan, Canada, 1944-68. History of Psychiatry 18 (2007), 179-201.

Mitchinson, Wendy. Gynecological Operations on Insane Women, London Ontario, 1845–1901. Journal of Social History 15 (1982), 467–84.

Moran, James E. and David Wright, eds. Mental Health and Canadian Society: Historical Perspectives. Montreal; Ithaca: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.

Moran, James E. Committed to the State Asylum: Insanity and Society in Nineteenth-Century Quebec and Ontario. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2000.

Ontario Insane Asylum databases

Paradis, André, Hélène Naubert, and Clémence Bélanger. Recension bibliographique: Les maladies infectieuses (2) transmissibles sexuellement (blennorragie, chancre mou, syphilis) et les maladies nerveuses et mentales dans les périodiques médicaux québécois du XIX siecle. Trois-Rivières: Centre interuniversitaire d’études québecoises, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 1995.

Paris, Joel. The Fall of an Icon: Psychoanalysis and Academic Psychiatry. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Parkin, Alan. A History of Psychoanalysis in Canada. Toronto: Toronto Psychoana­lytic Society, 1987.

Perreault, Isabelle, and Marie-Claude Thifault, eds., Récits inachevés. Réflexions sur la recherche qualitative en sciences humaines et sociales. Ottawa: PUO, 2016.

Perreault, Isabelle, and Marie-Claude Thifault. Behind asylum walls: studying the dialectic between psychiatrists and patients at Montreal’s Saint-Jean-de-Dieu Hospital (1873-1950), Social History of Medicine 32 (2017): 377-94.

Reaume, Geoffrey.  A History of Lobotomy in Ontario. In Essays in Honour of Michael Bliss: Figuring the Social, eds. E. Heaman et al., 378-99. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008.

Reaume, Geoffrey. Remembrance of Patients Past: Patient Life at the Toronto Hospital for the Insane, 1870-1940. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press Canada, 2000.

Shortt, S.E.D. Victorian Lunacy: Richard Maurice Bucke and the Practice of Late Nineteenth-Century Psychiatry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Simmons, Harvey G. Unbalanced: Mental Health Policy in Ontario, 1930–1989. Toronto: Wall and Thompson, 1990.

Stip, Emmanuel. Who pioneered the use of antipsychotics in North America? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 60.3 Suppl 2 (2015): S5-13.

Thifault, Mare-Claude, Isabelle Perreault. Premieres initiatives d'intégration sociale des malades mentaux dans une phase de pre-desinstitutionnalisation. L'exemple de Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, 1910-1950 Histoire Sociale-Social History 44.88 (2011):197-222.

Thifault, Marie-Claude, and H. Dorvil, eds. Désinstitutionnalisation psychiatrique en Acadie, en Ontario francophone et au Québec, 1930-2013, Montréal: PUQ, 2014.

Thifault, Marie-Claude, and V. Strimelle, eds. Institutions. Entre coercition et soins, XIXe et XXe siècles », Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 32.1 (2015): 9-76.

Thifault, Marie-Claude, Perreault, Isabelle, Alexandre Klein, and J. Caron, eds. « L’archive psychiatrique », Santé mentale au Québec, 41.2 ((2016): 9-164.

Tremblay, Mary A. Alexander H. Leighton's and Jane Murphy's scientific contributions in psychiatric epidemiology: A personal appreciation.  Transcultural Psychiatry 43.1 (2006): 7-20.

Weinstein, Harvey. A Father, a Son and the CIA. Toronto: Lorimer, 1988.

Yanacopoulo, Andrée. Hans Selye, ou, La cathedrale du stress. Montreal: Le Jour, 1992.


France (et en français)

Bercé, Yves-Marie. Esprits et démons: histoire des phénomènes d'hystérie collective. Paris: La Librairie Vuibert, 2018.

Bonduelle, Michel, Toby Gelfand, and Christopher G. Goetz. Charcot: Constructing Neurology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Caire, Michel. Soigner les fous; histoire des traitements médicaux en psychiatrie. Paris: Nouveau Monde, 2019.

Crocq, Louis. Névroses et névrosés: fin-de-siècle: (1880-1900). Paris: Imago, 2020.

Dorland, Michael. Cadaverland: Inventing a Pathology of Catastrophe for Holocaust Survival: The Limits of Medical Knowledge and Memory in France. Brandeis University Press, 2009.

Dowbiggin, Ian R. Inheriting Madness: Professionalization and Psychiatric Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century France. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1991.

Druel, Gwénola. Adolf Meyer, grand nom de l’histoire de la psychiatrie aux États-Unis. Annales Médico-psychologiques, Revue psychiatrique 179.7 (2021): 662-69.

Dubois, Anne-Marie. De l'art des fous à l'art psychopatologique: la collection Sainte-Anne. Paris: Somogy, 2018.

Dufaud, Grégory. Une histoire de la psychiatrie soviétique. Paris: Éditions EHESS,  2021.

Ferber, Sarah. Demonic Possession and Exorcism in Early Modern France. London; New York: Routledge, 2004.

Foucault, Michel. Folie et déraison: histoire de la folie à l'âge Classique. Paris: Plon, 1961.

Gibson, Nigel C. and Roberto Beneduce Frantz Fanon, Psychiatry and Politics. London: Rowman and Littlefield International and The University of Witwatersrand Press, 2017.

Goldstein, Jan. Consoler et classifier: l'essor de la psychiatrie française, trad. Françoise Bouillot. Le Plessis-Robinson: Synthélabo, 1997.

Goldstein, Jan. The Post-Revolutionary Self: Politics and Psyche in France, 1750-1850. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Hewitt, Jessie. Institutionalizing Gender: Madness, the Family, and Psychiatric Power in Nineteenth-Century France. Cornell University Press, 2020.

Hochmann, Jacques, et Yves Pélicier. Histoire de la psychiatrie, 6e ed. Paris: PUF, 2022.

Jubinville, Ginette. L’art et l'architecture au temps des premiers aliénistes français. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2020.

Klein, Alexandre, H. Guillemain, and Marie-Claude Thifault, eds. La fin de l’asile? Histoire de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique dans l'espace francophone au XXe siècle, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018.

Laharie, MurielLa folie au Moyen Âge, XIe-XIIIe siècles. Paris: Le Léopard d'or, 1991.

Le Person, G. La psychopathologie antique: sources, historiographie et perspectives. Gesnerus 67.1 (2010): 98-112.

Luauté, Jean-Pierre, dir. Quand les aliénistes ouvraient les corps. Paris: Editions Glyphe 2020

Missa, Jean-Noël. Naissance de la psychiatrie biologique. Histoire des traitements des maladies mentales au xxe siècle, Paris: PUF, 2006.

Nicole, Catheline. L'enfant et la médecine: une histoire de la pédopsychiatrie (XIXe-XXe siècle). Paris: L'Harmattan,  2021.

Ottaviani, R., P. Vanni, E. Guerin, V. Boddi, D. Vanni. Sur le ‘Mémoire historique et statistique de la Maison Royale de Charenton’ de M. Esquirol. Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae 8.1 (2002): 23-33.

Pigeaud, Jackie. Aux portes de la psychiatrie: Pinel, l’ancien et le moderne. Paris: Aubier, 2001.

Prestwich, Patricia E. Drink and the Politics of Social Reform: Antialcoholism in France since 1870. Palo Alto, Calif.: Society for the Promotion of Science and Scholarship, 1988.

Prestwich, Patricia E. Female Alcoholism in Paris, 1870-1920: The Response of Psychiatrists and of Families. History of Psychiatry 14 (2003), 321-36.

Swain, Gladys, et Marcel Gauchet. Dialogue avec l'insensé: A la recherche d'une autre histoire de la folie. Paris: Gallimard, 1994.

Weiner, Dora B. Comprendre et soigner: Philippe Pinel, 1745-1826. La médecine de l’esprit. Paris: Fayard, 1999.

Wilson, Susannah. Voices from the Asylum: four French Women Writers, 1850-1920. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.


Germany / Allemagne

Ayako Bennette, Rebecca. Diagnosing Dissent: Hysterics, Deserters, and Conscientious Objectors in Germany During World War One. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2020

Engstrom, Eric J. Clinical Psychiatry in Imperial Germany: A History of Psychiatric Practice. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Goldberg, Ann. Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness: The Eberbach Asylum and German Society, 1815-1849. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Killen, Andreas. Berlin Electropolis: Shock, Nerves, and German Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

Lerner, Paul Frederick. Hysterical Men: War, Psychiatry, and the Politics of Trauma in Germany, 1890-1930. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2003.


Other European Countries / Ailleurs en Europe.

 Davis, Elizabeth Anne. Bad Souls: Madness and Responsibility in Modern Greece. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

 Felder, Björn M. and Paul J. Weindling, eds. Baltic Eugenics: Bio-politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2013.

 Foot, John The Man Who Closed the Asylums: Franco Basaglia and the Revolution in Mental Health Care. London; New York: Verso, 2015.

 Hofer, Hans-Georg, Cay-Rüdiger Prüll and Wolfgang U. Eckart, eds. War, Trauma and Medicine in Germany and Central Europe (1914-1939). Freiburg im Breisgau: Centaurus Verlag & Media, 2011.

 Pietikäinen, Petteri, and Jesper Vaczy Kragh, eds. Social Class and Mental Illness in Northern Europe. Abingdon, Oxon; New York. NY: Routledge, 2020.

 Romano, Gabriella. The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy. Springer, 2019.

 Savelli, Mat, and Sarah Marks, eds. Psychiatry in Communist Europe. Houndmills, Basingstoke Hampshire; New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

 Topp, Leslie. Freedom and the Cage: Modern Architecture and Psychiatry in Central Europe, 1890-1914. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2017.

 Voren, Robert van. Cold War in Psychiatry: Human Factors, Secret Actors. Amsterdam: New York: Rodopi, 2010.

 Weindling, Paul. Victims and Survivors of Nazi Human Experiments: Science and Suffering in the Holocaust. London: Bloomsbury Academic, Bloomsbury, 2015.


Latin America / Amérique latine

Ablard, Jonathan. Madness in Buenos Aires: Patients, Psychiatrists, and the Argentine State, 1880-1983. Calgary; Athens, OH: University of Calgary Press; Ohio University Press, 2008.

Lambe, Jennifer L. Madhouse: Psychiatry and Politics in Cuban History. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2017.

Meyer, Manuella. Reasoning against Madness: Psychiatry and the State in Rio de Janeiro, 1830-1944. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2017.

Plotkin, Mariano Ben, ed. Argentina on the Couch: Psychiatry, State, and Society, 1880 to the Present. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003.

Smith, L. Insanity, Race and Colonialism: Managing Mental Disorder in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1838-1914. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2014.

Sutherland, Patsy, Roy Moodley, and Barry Chevannes, eds. Caribbean Healing Traditions: Implications for Health and Mental Health. edited by New York, NY; London: Routledge, 2014.


United States / Etats Unis

Beam, Alex. Gracefully Insane: The Rise and Fall of America’s Premier Mental Hospital. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.

Belkin, Gary S. Emergency Psychiatry: Self-Restraint, Self-Examination: A Historical Perspective on Restraints and Ethics in Psychiatry. Psychiatric Services 53 (2002), 663-64.

Braslow, Joel T. Mental Ills and Bodily Cures: Psychiatric Treatment in the First Half of the Twentieth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Burnham, John, ed. After Freud Left: A Century of Psychoanalysis in America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Clark, Claire D. The Recovery Revolution: The Battle over Addiction Treatment in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017.

Diedrich, Lisa. Indirect Action: Schizophrenia, Epilepsy, AIDS, and the Course of Health Activism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Doroshow, Deborah. Emotionally Disturbed: A History of Caring for America’s Troubled Children. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2019.

Dowbiggin, Ian Robert. Keeping America Sane: Psychiatry and Eugenics in the United States and Canada, 1880-1940. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Doyle, Dennis. ‘Racial differences have to be considered’: Lauretta Bender, Bellevue Hospital, and the African American Psyche, 1936-52. History of Psychiatry 21/2 (2010): 206-223.

Doyle, Dennis. A Load Off Whose Heart? Psychiatry and the Politics of Respectability and Race Representation in Harlem, 1943–45. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 75:1 (January 1, 2020): 54–82.

Dwyer, Ellen. Homes for the Mad: Life inside Two Nineteenth-Century Asylums. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1987.

Dwyer, Ellen. Psychiatry and Race During World War II. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 61 (2006), 117-43.

Eagan Chamberlin, Sheena M. Emasculated by Trauma: A Social History of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Stigma, and Masculinity. Journal of American Culture (Malden, Mass.) 35.4 (2012): 358–365.

Esther, R.J. Use of Physical Restraints in a Nineteenth-Century State Hospital. History of Psychiatry 8 (1997), 83-93.

Gambino, Matthew. ‘These strangers within our gates’: Race, Psychiatry, and Mental Illness Among Black Americans at St. Elizabeths in Washington DC, 1900-40. History of Psychiatry 19.4 (2008): 387-408.

Garcia, Jay. Psychology Comes to Harlem: Rethinking the Race Question in Twentieth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Glass, Guy Fredrick. Doctor Anonymous: Creating Contexts for Homosexuality as Mental Illness. Journal of Medical Humanities 39. 1 (2018): 101–109.

Grob, Gerald N. Mental Illness and American Society, 1875-1940. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Grob, Gerald N. The Mad among Us: A History of the Care of America’s Mentally Ill. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Halliwell, Martin. Therapeutic Revolutions: Medicine, Psychiatry, and American Culture, 1945-1970. New Brunswick, N.J.; London: Rutgers University Press, 2013.

Halliwell, Martin. Voices of Mental Health: Medicine, Politics, and American Culture, 1970-2000. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2017.

Hansen, Bert. American Physicians’ ‘Discovery’ of Homosexuals, 1880–1900: A New Diagnosis in a Changing Society. In Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History, eds. C. E. Rosenberg and J. Golden, 104–33. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992

Herzberg, David L. Happy Pills in America: from Miltown to Prozac. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

Herzberg, David. Entitled to Addiction?: Pharmaceuticals, Race, and America’s First Drug War. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 91:3 (2017): 586–623.

Hirshbein, Laura D. Smoking Privileges: Psychiatry, the Mentally Ill, and the Tobacco Industry in America. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2015.

Lamb, Susan D. Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Lane, Christopher. Shyness: How Normal Behavior Became a Sickness. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Mendes, Gabriel N. Under the Strain of Color: Harlem’s Lafargue Clinic and the Promise of an Antiracist Psychiatry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2015.

Metzl, Jonathan M. The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease. Boston: Beacon Press, 2010.

Metzl, Jonathan. Prozac on the Couch: Prescribing Gender in the Era of Wonder Drugs. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.

Micale, Mark S., ed. The Mind of Modernism: Medicine, Psychology, and the Cultural Arts in Europe and America, 1880-1940. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004.

Miller, Dinah, and Annette Hanson. Committed: The Battle over Involuntary Psychiatric Care. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016.

Moran, James E. The Signal and the Noise: The Historical Epidemiology of Insanity in Ante-Bellum New Jersey. History of Psychiatry 14 (2003), 281-301.

Myers, Bob Eberly. ‘Drapetomania’ Rebellion, Defiance and Free Black Insanity In the Antebellum United States. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2014.

Paris, Joel. The Fall of an Icon: Psychoanalysis and Academic Psychiatry. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Pressman, Jack D. Last Resort: Psychosurgery and the Limits of Medicine. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998

Pumphrey, Shelby. Finding Asylum: Race, Gender and Confinement in Virginia, 1885–1930. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2020.

Rose, Anne C. Racial Experiments in Psychiatry’s Provinces: Richard S. Lyman and his Colleagues in China and the American South. History of Psychiatry 23.4 (2012): 419-436.

Scull, Andrew T. Madhouse: A Tragic Tale of Megalomania and Modern Medicine. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005 [on Henry Cotton].

Summers, Martin. Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Race and Mental Illness in the Nation's Capital. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Tomes, Nancy. A Generous Confidence: Thomas Story Kirkbride and the Art of Asylum Keeping, 1840–1883. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Tone, Andrea. The Age of Anxiety: A History of America's Turbulent Affair with Tranquilizers. New York: Basic Books, 2008.

Wake, Naoko. Private Practices: Harry Stack Sullivan, the Science of Homosexuality, and American Liberalism. New Brunswick; London: Rutgers University Press, 2011.


Military psychiatry / Psychiatrie militaire

Barham, Peter. Forgotten Lunatics of the Great War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

Chielens, Piet, and Patrick Allegaert. War and Trauma: Soldiers & Ambulances 1914-1918; Soldiers & Psychiatrists 1914-2014. Veurne: Hannibal, 2013.

Gabriel, Richard A. Between Flesh and Steel: A History of Military Medicine from the Middle Ages to the War in Afghanistan. Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, 2013.

Kuijpers, Erika and Kornee van der Haven. Battlefield Emotions 1500-1800: Practices, Experience, Imagination. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Wake, N. The Military, Psychiatry, And ‘Unfit’ Soldiers, 1939-1942. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 62 (2007), 461-94.


Anti-Psychiatry movement / Mouvement antipsychiatrique

Burstow, Bonnie. The Revolt Against Psychiatry: A Counterhegemonic Dialogue. Palgrave 2019.

Gøtzsche, Peter C. Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial. København: People'sPress, 2015.

James, Anthony. Amputated Souls: The Psychiatric Assault on Liberty, 1935-2011. Exeter:  Academic, 2013.

Kirk, Stuart A., Tomi Gomory, and David Cohen. Mad Science: Psychiatric Coercion, Diagnosis, and Drugs. New Brunswick, N.J.; London: Transaction Publishers, 2013.

Paris, Joel. Fads and Fallacies in Psychiatry. London: RCPsych Publications, 2013.

Sen, Dolly. DSM 69: Dolly Sen's Manual of Psychiatric Disorders: Taking a Subversive Look at Psychiatry through Art and Mischief. Eleusinian Press, 2016.

Szasz, Thomas Stephen. The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct. 2nd ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.

Weitz, Don, and Bonnie Burstow, Shrink Resistant: The Struggle Against Psychiatry in Canada. New Star Books, 1988.