CHAPTER THREE / CHAPITRE TROIS.

Interrogating Life: History of Physiology

Interroger la vie : l’histoire de la physiologie

 

Topics on this page / Sujets ici

General works / Oeuvres généraux

Antiquity to Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

19th to 21st C / XIXe et XX siècles

Britain / Iles Britanniques

France

Germany / Allemagne

Canada

United States / Etats Unis

Neuroscience

Websites /Sites Web

 

General Works / Oeuvres généraux

Beneduce, Chiara and Denise Vincenti. Oeconomia corporis: The Body's Normal and Pathological Constitution at the Intersection of Philosophy and Medicine. Pisa: Edizioni ETS, 2018.

Canguilhem, Georges. La connaissance de la vie. 2d ed. Paris: Vrin, 1980 [on arrogance see pp 86, 95, 99].

Canguilhem, Georges. Ideology and Rationality in the History of the Life Sciences. Trans. Arthur Gold­hammer. Cambridge, Mass., and London: MIT Press, 1988.

Duchesneau, F. La physiologie des lumières: Empirisme, modèles, et théories. The Hague, Boston, London: Martinus Nijhoff, 1982.

Farley, John. The Spontaneous Generation Controversy from Descartes to Oparin. Balti­more: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Fleck, Ludwik. Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Frank, Robert Gregg. Harvey and the Oxford Physiologists: A Study of Scientific Ideas and Social Interaction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

French, Richard D. Antivivisection and Medical Science in Victorian Society. Prince­ton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Goodfield, G.J. The Growth of Scientific Physiology. London: Hutchinson, 1960.

Guerrini, Anita. Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Hall, Diana Long. Why Do Animals Breathe? New York: Arno Press, 1981.

Holmes, Frederic L. Between Biology and Medicine: The Formation of Intermediary Metabolism. Berkeley: University of California at Berkeley, 1992.

Ingelfinger, F.J. Arrogance. New England J. Medicine 303 (1980): 1507–11.

Judson, Horace Freeland. The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Kiple, Kenneth F., and Kriemhild C. Ornelas. Experimental Animals in Medical Research: A History. in Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research, eds. Ellen Frankel Paul and Jeffrey Paul. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2001, p. 23-48.

Lindee, M. Susan. Moments of Truth in Genetic Medicine. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Medawar, Peter B., and J.S. Medawar. Aristotle to Zoos: A Philosophical Dictionary of Biology. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Olby, Robert. The Path to the Double Helix. Seattle: University of Washington, 1974.

Osler, William. The Growth of Truth. London: H. Frowde, 1906.

Paton, William D.M. Man and Mouse: Animals in Medical Research. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Rothschuh, Karl E. History of Physiology, trans. Guenter B. Risse. New York: Robert E. Krieger, 1973.

Tipton, Charles M., ed. History of Exercise Physiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2014.

Tipton, Charles M. Exercise Physiology: People and Ideas. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

West, John B. Essays on the History of Respiratory Physiology. Springer, 2015.

 

Antiquity to Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

Bertoloni Meli, Domenico. Mechanism, Experiment, Disease: Marcello Malpighi and Seventeenth-Century Anatomy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Bouras-Vallianatos, Petros. Innovation in Byzantine Medicine: The Writings of John Zacharias Aktouarios (c.1275-c.1330). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2020.

Cherici, Céline, Jean-Claude Dupont et Charles T. Wolfe. Physique de l'esprit: empirisme, médecine et cerveau (XVIIe-XIXe siècles). Paris: Hermann, 2018.

Debru, Armelle. Le corps respirant: la pensée physiologique chez Galien. Leiden: Brill 1996.

French, R.K. William Harvey’s Natural Philosophy. Cambridge and New York: Cam­bridge University Press, 1994.

Fuchs, Thomas. The Mechanization of the Heart: Harvey and Descartes. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2001.

Galen, On the Natural Faculties. Trans. Arthur John Brock. Loeb Classical Library (London: Heinemann; New York: Putnam, 1916).

Grmek, Mirko D. Première revolution biologique: Reflexions sur la physiologie et la médecine du XVIIe siècle. Paris: Payot, 1990.

Hall, Thomas S. Ideas of Life and Matter: Studies in the History of General Physiology, 600 BC–1900 AD. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Holmes, Frederic L. Hans Krebs. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991–3.

Horstmanshoff, Manfred, Helen King, and Claus Zittel. Blood, Sweat, and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe. Leiden: Boston: Brill, 2012.

Kawakita, Yosio, Shizu Sakai, and Yasuo Otsuka. The Comparison between Concepts of Life Breath in East and West. Tokyo: Ishiyaku EuroAmerica, 1995.

Kessler, Herbert L., Richard G. Newhauser, and Arthur J. Russell. Optics, Ethics, and Art in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries: Looking into Peter of Limoges's Moral Treatise on the Eye. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2018.

Kleinert, Andreas. "Der messende Luchs: Zwei verbreitete Fehler in der Galilei-Literatur." NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 17 (2009): 199-206. [Galileo on measurement].

Kuriyama, Shigehisa The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine. New York: Zone Books, 1999.

Loviconi, Laetitia. Physiologie et pathologie de la respiration dans les oeuvres médicales des XIVe et XVe siècles. Paris: Honoré Champion, 2017.

Mazliak, Paul. Jean Fernel: premier physiologiste de la Renaissance. Paris: Hermann, 2016.

Mitchell, J. Allan. Becoming Human: The Matter of the Medieval Child. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; 2014.

Rocca, Julius. Galen on the Brain: Anatomical Knowledge and Physiological Speculation in the Second Century AD. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2003.

Singer, Peter N. The essence of rage: Galen on emotional disturbances and their physical correlates,’ in R, Seaford, J. Wilkins, and M Wright M, eds. Selfhood and the Soul: Essays on Ancient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press, 2017.

Steinke, Hubert. Irritating Experiments: Haller's Concept and the European Controversy on Irritability and Sensibility, 1750-90. Clio medica, vol. 76. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi, 2005.

Verbanck-Piérard, Annie. Au temps de Galien: un médecin grec dans l'Empire romain. Paris: Somogy, 2018.

Wright, John P., and Paul Potter, eds. Psyche and Soma: Physicians and Metaphysicians on the Mind-Body Problem from Antiquity to Enlightenment. Oxford; New York: Clarendon and Oxford University Press, 2000.

 

19th - 21st Centuries / XIXe et XX siècles

Carroll, Sean B. Brave genius: A scientist, a philosopher, and their daring adventures from the French resistance to the Nobel Prize. New York: Random House, 2013. [On Jacques Monod and Albert Camus].

Coleman, William. Biology in the Nineteenth Century. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Coleman, William, and Frederic L. Holmes, eds. The Investigative Enterprise: Experimental Physiology in Nineteenth-Century Medicine. Berkeley; Los Angeles; Lon­don: University of California Press, 1988.

Cranefield, Paul F. The Way In and the Way Out. Mt Kisco, N.Y.: Futura, 1974 [on the Bell-Magendie controversy].

Epstein, Randi Hutter. Aroused: The History of Hormones and How They Control Just about Everything. New York W.W. Norton, 2018.

Fox, Michael Allen. The Case for Animal Experimentation: An Evolutionary and Ethi­cal Perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Hansson, Nils, Thorsten Halling, Heiner Fangerau,eds. Attributing Excellence in Medicine: The History of the Nobel Prize. Clio medica, 98. Leiden: Brill and Rodopi, 2019.

Keel, Othmar. Médecine des preuves, Une histoire de l’expérimentation thérapeutique par essais cliniques contrôlés. Montréal, Presses Universitaires de Montréal, 2011.

Longo, Lawrence D., The Rise of Fetal and Neonatal Physiology: Basic Science to Clinical Care. Springer, 2017.

Meulders, Michel. Helmholtz: from Enlightenment to Neuroscience. trans. Laurence Garey. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2010.

Murphy, T.D. Medical knowledge and statistical methods in early nineteenth-century FranceMedical History 25 (1981): 301-19.

Snelders, H.A.M. Romanticisim and Naturphilosophie and the inorganic natural sciences, 1797-1840: An introductory survey. Studies in Romanticism 9.3 (1970): 193-215.

Stahnisch, Frank W. Medicine, Life, and Function: Experimental Strategies and Medical Modernity at the Intersection of Pathology and Physiology. Bochum: Projektverlag, 2012.

Todes, Daniel Philip. Ivan Pavlov: A Russian Life in Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2014.

Tröhler, Ulrich. The introduction of numerical methods to assess the effects of medical interventions during the 18th century: a brief history. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 104.11 (2011): 465–474. doi: 10.1258/jrsm.2011.11k025.

Watt-Smith, Tiffany. On Flinching: Theatricality and Scientific Looking from Darwin to Shell Shock. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

 

Britain / Iles Britanniques

Frank, Robert Gregg. Harvey and the Oxford Physiologists: A Study of Scientific Ideas and Social Interaction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Geison, Gerald L. Michael Foster and the Cambridge School of Physiology: The Scientific Enterprise in Late Victorian Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978.

Romano, Terrie M. Making Medicine Scientific: John Burdon-Sanderson and the Culture of Victorian Science. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Tansey, E. M. "The Queen Has Been Dreadfully Shocked": Aspects of Teaching Experimental Physiology Using Animals in Britain, 1876-1986. American Journal of Physiology 274.6 Pt 2 (1998): S18-33.

White, Paul S. The Experimental Animal in Victorian Britain. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

 

France

Barbara, Jean-Gaël and Pierre Corvol. Les élèves de Claude Bernard: les nouvelles disciplines physiologiques en France au tournant du XXe siècle. Paris: Hermann, 2012.

Bernard, Claude. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. 1865. Trans. Henry Copley Green, 1927. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1957.

Cranefield, Paul F. The Way In and the Way Out. Mt Kisco, N.Y.: Futura, 1974 [on the Bell-Magendie controversy].

Duchesneau, François, Jean-Jacques Kupiec and Michel Morange, eds. Claude Bernard: la méthode de la physiologie. Paris: Rue d’Ulm, 2013.

Fleck, Ludwik, Genèse et développement d'un fait scientifique, ed. Ilana Löwy; trad. Nathalie Jas. Paris: Belles Lettres, 2005.

Grmek, Mirko D. Claude Bernard et la méthode expérimentale. Paris: Payot, 1991.

Haigh, Elizabeth. Xavier Bichat and the Medical Theory of the Eighteenth Century. London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1984.

Haute Autorité de Santé, Indicateurs pour l'amélioration de la qualité et de la sécurité des soins; Outil à destination des professionnels de santé, 2019 https://has-sante.fr/upload/docs/application/pdf/2019-10/iqss_2019_aide_utilisation_proms_eds.pdf.

Holmes, Frederic L. Claude Bernard and Animal Chemistry: The Emergence of a Scien­tist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Leblanc, Richard. Fearful Asymmetry: Bouillaud, Dax, Broca, and the Localization of Language, Paris, 1825-1879. McGill-Queen’s University Press: Institut neurologique de Montréal, 2017.

Lesch, John E. Science and Medicine in France: The Emergence of Experimental Physiology, 1790–1855. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Mazliak, Paul. Jean Fernel, premier physiologiste de la Renaissance. Paris Hermann, 2016.

Mazliak, Paul. William Harvey, la circulation du sang et l'épigenèse des embryons: Les prémisses de la méthode expérimentale. Paris Hermann, 2013.

Moraux, Paul. Galien de Pergame. Souvenirs d'un Médecin. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1985.

Murphy, T.D. Medical knowledge and statistical methods in early nineteenth-century FranceMedical History 25 (1981): 301-19.

Pickstone, J. V. How Might We Map the Cultural Fields of Science? Politics and Organisms in Restoration France. History of Science 37 Pt 3.117 (1999): 347-64.

Stahnisch, F. W. Instrument Transfer as Knowledge Transfer in Neurophysiology: Francois Magendie's (1783-1855) Early Attempts to Measure Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 17 (2008): 72-99.

Vallery-Radot, René. Life of Pasteur. Trans. R.I. Devonshire. Garden City, N.Y.: Garden City Publishing, 1927 [on chance see 76-79].

Van Wijland, Jérôme. Charles Richet (1850-1935): l'exercice de la curiosité. Paris: Académie nationale de médecine, Académie des sciences, Institut de France, 2015.

Williams, Elizabeth A. The Physical and the Moral: Anthropology, Physiology, and Philosophical Medicine in France, 1750–1850. Cambridge and New York: Cam­bridge University Press, 1994.

 

Germany /Allemagne

Fangerau, Heiner. Spinning the Scientific Web: Jacques Loeb (1859-1924) und sein Programm einer internationalen biomedizinischen Grundlagenforschung. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 2010.

Lenoir, Timothy. Instituting Science: The Cultural Production of Scientific Disciplines. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Otis, Laura. Müller's Lab. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Tuchman, Arleen Marcia. Science, Medicine, and the State in Germany: The Case of Baden, 1815–1871. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

 

Canada

Bensley, Edward H. Alexis St Martin. Canadian Medical Association Journal 80 (1959): 907–9.

Connor, J.T.H. Cruel Knives? Vivisection and Biomedical Research in Victorian English Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 14 (1997): 37–64.

Del Bigio, Marc R., and N. Barry Rewcastle, Neuropathology in Canada; The First One Hundred Years. Canadian Journal of Neurosciences 37.6 (2010): 725-44.

Dukes, Thomas W. On the Middle Road: Queen's University's Foray into Veterinary and Comparative Medicine. Canadian Veterinary Journal. 48 (2007): 947-52.

Fournier, Marcel, Yves Gingras, and Othmar Keel, eds. Sciences et médecine au Québec: Perspectives sociohistoriques. Québec: Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture, 1987.

Li, Alison. J.B. Collip and the Development of Medical Research in Canada: Extracts and Enterprise. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.

Moore, Terence. Joe Doupe: Bedside Physiologist. Toronto: Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine and Dundurn Press, 1989.

Potter, Paul, and Hubert Soltan. Murray Llewellyn Barr, O.C.: 20 June 1908 - 4 May 1995. Bibliographical Memoirs of the Royal Society of London 43 (1997): 31- 46.

Segall, Harold N. William Stairs Morrow: Canada’s First Physiologist-Cardiologist. Canadian Medical Association Journal 114 (1976): 543-45.

 

United States / Etats Unis

Fye, W. Bruce. American Cardiology: The History of a Specialty and Its College. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Fye, W. Bruce. The Development of American Physiology: Scientific Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Geison, Gerald L., ed. Physiology in the American Context, 1850–1940. Bethesda, American Physio­logical Society, 1987.

Lederer, Susan E. Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America before the Second World War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Numbers, Ronald L., and Todd Lee Savitt, eds. Science and Medicine in the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

Rader, Karen A. Making Mice: Standardizing Animals for American Biomedical Research, 1900-1955. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Rasmussen, N. Steroids in Arms: Science, Government, Industry, and the Hormones of the Adrenal Cortex in the United States, 1930-1950. Medical History 46 (2002): 299-324.

Tucker, Todd. The Great Starvation Experiment: Ancel Keys and the Men Who Starved for Science. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007.

 

Neuroscience

Altenmüller, Eckart, Stanley Finger, and François Boller. Music, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Historical Connections and Perspectives. Progress in Brain Research, volume 216. Elsevier, 2015.

Ambrosio, Chiara, and William F MacLehose. Imagining the Brain: Episodes in the Visual History of Brain Research. Progress in Brain Research. Volume 243. London: Academic Press, 2018.

Bennett, M. R., and P. M. S. Hacker. History of Cognitive Neuroscience. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.

Casper, Stephen T., and Delia Gavrus. The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences: Technique, Technology, Therapy. Rochester, NY: Rochester University Press, 2017.

DeFelipe, Javier. Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Del Bigio, Marc R., and N. Barry Rewcastle, Neuropathology in Canada; The First One Hundred Years. Canadian Journal of Neurosciences 37.6 (2010): 725-44.

Farreras, Ingrid G., Caroline Hannaway, and Victoria A. Harden, eds. Mind, Brain, Body, and Behavior: Foundations of Neuroscience and Behavioral Research at the National Institutes of Health. Amsterdam; Washington, D.C.: IOS Press, 2004.

Feindel, William, and Richard Leblanc. The Wounded Brain Healed: The Golden Age of the Montreal Neurological Institute, 1934-1984. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2016.

Feros Ruys, Juanita, Michael W Champion, and Kirk Essary. Before Emotion: The Language of Feeling, 400-1800. New York and Abingdon: Routledge, 2018.

Finger, Stanley. Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations into Brain Function. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Glickstein, Mitchell. Neuroscience: A Historical Introduction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 2014.

Gottesmann, Claude. Discovery of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep by William C. Dement and Michel Jouvet. 1955-1970: contribution of their research environment and later findings. Nova Science Publishers, 2017.

Guenther, Katja. Localization and its Discontents: A Genealogy of Psychoanalysis and the Neuro Disciplines. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015.

Kandel, Eric R. The Age of Insight: The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Portraiture Art, Mind, and Brain: from Vienna 1900 to the Present. New York: Random House, 2012.

Kean, Sam. The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons: The History of the Human Brain as Revealed by True stories of Trauma, Madness, and Recovery. Boston: Little Brown, 2014.

M. R. Bennett, and P.M.S. Hacker. History of Cognitive Neuroscience. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.

Martensen, Robert L. The Brain Takes Shape: An Early History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

McGilchrist, Iain. The Master and his Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.

Merchán, Miguel A., Javier de Felipe, Fernando de Castro, and Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Cajal and De Castro's Neurohistological Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Meulders, Michel. Helmholtz: from Enlightenment to Neuroscience. trans. Laurence Garey. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2010.

Morus, Iwan Rhys. Shocking Bodies: Life, Death & Electricity in Victorian England. Stroud: History Press, 2011.

Ochs, Sidney. A History of Nerve Functions: from Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Purves, Dale. Brains: How They Seem to Work. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: FT Press Science, 2010.

Rees, Tobias. Plastic Reason: an Anthropology of Brain Science in Embryogenetic Terms. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.

Rocca, Julius. Galen on the Brain: Anatomical Knowledge and Physiological Speculation in the Second Century AD. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2003.

Rutten, Geert-Jan. The Broca-Wernicke Doctrine: A Historical and Clinical Perspective on Localization of Language Functions. Springer, 2017.

Shepherd, Gordon M. Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s. Oxford: New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Shepherd, Gordon M. Foundations of the Neuron Doctrine. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; 2016.

Shorvon, Simon, Alastair Compston, Andrew Lees, Michael J. Clark, Martin Rossor. Queen Square: A History of the National Hospital and its Institute of Neurology. Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Stahnisch, F. W. Instrument Transfer as Knowledge Transfer in Neurophysiology: Francois Magendie's (1783-1855) Early Attempts to Measure Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 17 (2008): 72-99.

Stahnisch, Frank W. A New Field in Mind: A History of Interdisciplinarity in the Early Brain Sciences. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2020.

Uttal, William R. Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2011.

Whybrow, Peter C., The Well-Tuned Brain: Neuroscience and the Life Well Lived. New York: W.W. Norton, 2015.

Wickens, Andrew P. A History of the Brain: from Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience.

 

Websites / Sites Web

Several films sponsored by the BBC delve into the brain. See for example, Into the Mind: Broken Brains,’ Brain Power,’ Breaking Habits, and Emotions,’ 2010-2016. Freely available New York, NY: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, Films Media Group: Search on neuroscience’ at https://www.films.com/ecHome.aspx.

 

Exhibition and website:

‘And there's the humor of it: Shakespeare and the four humors. Bethesda, MD: U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Health & Human Services, 2012. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/shakespeare/index.html.


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