Science of Suffering: History of Pathology

Science de la souffrance: histoire de la pathologie


Topics in this page / Sujets ici

General Works / Ouvrages généraux

Genetics / La génétique

Forensics / Médecine légale

Antiquity to Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

Britain / Iles Britanniques


France (ou en français)

United States / Etats Unis

Some histories of disease / Quelques histoires des maladies


General Works / Ouvrages généraux

Adamson, Peter, ed. Health: A History. Oxford University Press, 2019.

Alberti, Samuel J. M. M. Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Aronowitz, Robert A. Making Sense of Illness: Science, Society, and Disease. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Beneduce, Chiara, and Denise Vincenti. Oeconomia corporis: The Body's Normal and Pathological Constitution at the Intersection of Philosophy and Medicine. Pisa: Edizioni ETS, 2018.

Bertoloni Meli, Domenico. Visualizing Disease: The Art and History of Pathological Illustrations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Canguilhem, Georges. The Normal and the Pathological. Trans. Carolyn R. Fawcett and Robert S. Cohen. New York: Zone Books, 1989.

Caplan, Arthur L., James J. McCartney, and Dominic A. Sisti, eds. Health, Disease, and Illness: Concepts in Medicine. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2004.

Carter, K. Codell. The Rise of Causal Concepts of Disease: Case Histories. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Cassell. Eric J. The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991, 2004.

Cryle, Peter M. and Elizabeth Stephens. Normality: A Critical Genealogy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Debons, Delphine, Antoine Fleury, and Jean-François Pitteloud. Katyn et la Suisse: experts et expertises médicales dans les crises humanitaires 1920-2007, Geneva: Georg Editeur, 2009.

Duffin, Jacalyn. Lovers and Livers; Disease Concepts in History. The Joanne Goodman Lectures. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Edwards, Laurie. In the Kingdom of the Sick: A Social History of Chronic Illness in America. New York: Walker & Co., 2013.

Ferngren, Gary. Medicine and Religion: A Historical Introduction. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Gaudillière, Jean-Paul, and Ilana Löwy, eds. Heredity and Infection: The History of Disease Transmission. London; New York: Routledge, 2001.

Geison, Gerald L. The Private Science of Louis Pasteur. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Gradmann, Christoph. Laboratory Disease: Robert Koch’s Medical Bacteriology, trans. Elborg Forster. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

Grmek, Mirko, Pathological Realities: Essays on Disease, Experiments, and History, ed., trans., Pierre-Olivier Méthot. New York: Fordham University Press, 2019.

Hacking, Ian. The Emergence of Probability; A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1975.

Harrison, Mark. Disease and the Modern World: 1500 to the Present Day. Cambridge and Malden, Mass.: Polity, 2004.

Hudson, Robert. Disease and Its Control: The Shaping of Modern Thought. Westport: Praeger/Greenwood, 1983.

Huneman, Philippe, Gérard Lambert, and Marc Silberstein. Classification, Disease and Evidence: New Essays in the Philosophy of Medicine. Springer, 2015.

Keating, Peter, and Alberto Cambrosio. Biomedical Platforms: Realigning the Normal and the Pathological in Late-Twentieth-Century Medicine. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2006.

Keating, Peter and Alberto Cambrosio. Biomedical Platforms: Realigning the Normal and the Pathological in Late-Twentieth-Century Medicine. MIT Press, 2009.

King, Lester S. Medical Thinking: A Historical Preface. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Kusukawa, Sachiko, and Ian Maclean, eds. Transmitting Knowledge: Words, Images, and Instruments in Early Modern Europe. Oxford: New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Lie, Anne Kveim, and Jeremy A. Greene. From Ariadne's Thread to the Labyrinth Itself - Nosology and the Infrastructure of Modern Medicine. New England Journal of Medicine 382.13 (2020); 1273-77.

Lishman, Suzy. A History of Pathology in 50 Objects. London: Royal College of Pathologists. 2012.

Luttenberger, Franz. Excellence and Chance: The Nobel Prize: Case of E. Von Behring and É. Roux. History and Philosophy of Life Sciences 18 (1996), 225-38.

Maclean, Ian, Logic, Signs, and Nature in the Renaissance: The Case of Learned Medicine. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Major, Ralph H. Classic Descriptions of Disease. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1945, 1978.

Matlin, Karl, Jane Maienschein, and Manfred Laublicher, eds. Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry’s General Cytology. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Maulitz, Russell C. Morbid Appearances: The Anatomy of Pathology in the Early Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Pelis, Kim. Charles Nicolle, Pasteur's Imperial Missionary: Typhus and Tunisia. Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2006.

Reynolds, Andrew. The Third Lens: Metaphor and the Creation of Modern Cell Biology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Risse, Guenter B. History of the Concepts of Health and Disease. In Encyclope­dia of Bioethics, ed. Warren T. Reich, 2:578–91. 4 vols. New York: Free Press, 1978.

Roberts, Charlotte A., and Keith Manchester. Archeology of Disease. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007.

Rose, Jeffrey. Sick Individuals and Sick Populations. International Journal of Epi­demiology 14 (1985), 32–8.

Rosenberg, Charles E., and Janet Golden, eds. Framing Disease: Studies in Cultural History. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Rousseau, George S., Miranda Gill, David B. Haycock, and Malte Herwig, eds. Framing and Imagining Disease in Cultural History. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Sacks, Oliver. An Anthropologist on Mars: Seven Paradoxical Tales. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.

Sontag, Susan. Illness as Metaphor. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 1977.

Stahnisch, Frank W. Medicine, Life, and Function: Experimental Strategies and Medical Modernity at the Intersection of Pathology and Physiology. Bochum: Projektverlag, 2012.

Stenenga, Jacob. Care and Cure: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Medicine. University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Van den Tweel, J.G., ed. Pioneers in Pathology. Cham: Springer, 2017.

Van Osselaer, Tine, Henk de Smaele, and Kaat Wils, eds. Sign or Symptom: Exceptional Corporeal Phenomena in Religion and Medicine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Leuven University Press, 2017.

Weisz, George. Divide and Conquer: A Comparative History of Medical Specialization. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Ziporyn, Terra. Nameless Diseases. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1992.


Genetics / La génétique

Brinkworth, Jessica F. Infectious disease and the diversification of the human genome, Human Biology 89.1 (2017): 47-65.

DeJong-Lambert, William. The Cold War Politics of Genetic Research: an Introduction to the Lysenko Affair. Dordrecht: Springer, 2012.

Frezza, Giulia, and Mauro Capocci. Thomas Hunt Morgan and the invisible gene: The right tool for the job. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40.2 (2018): 31.

Judson, Horace Freeland. The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Keller, Evelyn Fox. The Century of the Gene. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Kovalchuk, Igor, and Olga Kovalchuk. Epigenetics in Health and Disease. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press, 2012.

Maddox, Brenda, Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. Harper, 2003.

Moalem, Sharon, Maire E. Percy Theo P. A. Kruck, Richard R. Gelbart. Epidemic pathogenic selection: an explanation for hereditary hemochromatosis? Medical Hypotheses 59.3 (2002): 325–29.

Mukherjee, Siddhartha. The Gene: an Intimate History. New York: Scribner, 2016.

Olby, Robert. The Path to the Double Helix. Seattle: University of Washington, 1974.

Rabinow, Paul. Making PCR: A Story of Biotechnology. U Chicago Press, 1997.

Summers, William C. Félix d’Hérelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Wailoo, Keith, and Stephen Pemberton. The Troubled Dream of Genetic Medicine: Ethnicity and Innovation in Tay-Sachs, Cystic Fibrosis, and Sickle Cell Disease. Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Wall, W.J. The Search for Human Chromosomes: A History of Discovery. Springer, 2016.


Forensics / Médecine légale

Black, Sue. All that Remains: A Renowned Forensic Scientist on Death, Mortality, and Solving Crimes. Doubleday 2018.

Burney, Ian, and Christopher Hamlin. Global Forensic Cultures. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019.

Dreyfus, Jean-Marc and Élisabeth Gessat-Anstett, eds. Human Remains and Mass Violence: Methodological Approaches. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.

Christianson, Scott, and Lowell J. Levine. Bodies of Evidence: Forensic Science and Crime. Guilford, Conn.: The Lyons Press, 2006.

Jessee, Erin. Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Identifying Victims in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Waterloo, Ontario: Centre for International Governance Innovation, 2012.

Watson.  Katherine D.  Forensic Medicine in Western Society: A History. Milton Park, Abingdon: Routledge, 2010.


Antiquity to Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

Bates, Don, ed. Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Ben Rejeb, Abdelkhalek, and Najet Ghazouani. La pathologie dans la médecine arabo-islamique. Carthage: Académie Tunisienne des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts Beit al-Hikma, 2010.

David, Rosalie, ed. Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

De Ceglia, Francesco Paolo, ed. The Body of Evidence: Corpses and Proofs in Early Modern European Medicine. Leiden: Brill, 2020.

De Renzi, Silvia, Marco Bresadola, and Maria Conforti. Pathology in Practice: Diseases and Dissections in Early Modern Europe. London: Routledge, 2018.

Duffin, Jacalyn. Questioning Medicine in Seventeenth-Century Rome; The Consultations of Paolo Zacchia. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History 28.1 (2011): 149-170.

Duffin, Jacalyn. Imaging Disease: The Illustration and Non-illustration of Medical Texts, 1650-1850. In B. Castel, J.A. Leith, and Riley, eds. Muse and Reason: The Relation of Arts and Sciences 1650-1850, (Kingston; Queen's Quarterly and the Royal Society of Canada), pp. 79-108.

Grmek, Mirko D. Diseases in the Ancient Greek World, trans. Mireille Muellner and Leonard Muellner. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Gundert, Beate. Parts and their Roles in Hippocratic Medicine. Isis 83 (1992), 453–65.

Hart, Gerald D., ed. Disease in Ancient Man: A Report of an International Symposium. I. E. Clark, 1983.

Johnston, Ian. Galen: On Diseases and Symptoms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Kalra, Bharti, Manash P. Baruah, and Sanjay Kalra. The Mahabharata and reproductive endocrinology. Indian J of Endocrinological Metabolism 20.3 (2016): 404-7.

Loviconi, Laetitia. Physiologie et pathologie de la respiration dans les oeuvres médicales des XIVe et XVe siècles. Paris: Honoré Champion, 2017.

Menéndez Bueyes, Luis R. Medicina, enfermedad y muerte en la España tardoantigua: un acercamiento histórico a las patologías de las poblaciones de la época tardorromana e hispanovisigoda (siglos IV-VIII), Salamanca: Ediciones de Universidad de Salamanca, 2013.

Mortimer, Ian. The Dying and the Doctors: The Medical Revolution in Seventeenth-Century England. London: Royal Historical Society Studies in History v. 69; Boydell & Brewer, 2009.

Paoli, François. Jean-Baptiste Morgagni, ou, La naissance de la médecine modern, Paris: Editions Glyphe, 2013.

Piccioli, Andrea, Valentina Gazzaniga, Paola Catalano. Bones: Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age. Springer, 2015.

Potter, Paul. Some Principles of Hippocratic Nosology.’In La maladie et les maladies dans la Collection Hippocratique: 6e Colloque international hippocratique, 1987, ed. Paul Potter et al., 237–53. Quebec: Sphinx, 1990.

Taylor, John H, Daniel Antoine, and Marie Vandenbeusch. Ancient Lives: New Discoveries: Eight Mummies, Eight Stories. The British Museum 2014.


Britain / Iles Britanniques

Burney, Ian A. and Neil Pemberton. Murder and the Making of English CSI. Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016.

Cooter, Roger. Cultural Meanings of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Matthews, J. R. Almroth Wright, Vaccine Therapy, and British Biometrics: Disciplinary Expertise Versus Statistical Objectivity. In The Road to Medical Statistics. Clio Medica, vol. 67, eds. Eileen Magnello and Anne Hardy, 125-47. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2002.

Mortimer, Ian. The Dying and the Doctors: The Medical Revolution in Seventeenth-Century England. London: Royal Historical Society Studies in History v. 69; Boydell & Brewer, 2009.

O'Connor, Erin. Raw Material: Producing Pathology in Victorian Culture. Duke University Press, 2000.

Odell, Robin. Medical Detectives: The Lives and Cases of Britain's Forensic Five. Cheltenham: The History Press, 2013.

Prüll, C. R. Pathology at War 1914-1918: Germany and Britain in Comparison. In Medicine and Modern Warfare. Clio Medica 55, eds. Roger Cooter and Stever Sturdy, 131-61. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1999.

Risse, Guenter B. New Medical Challenges During the Scottish Enlightenment. Clio medica, vol. 78. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005.

Staffan, Müller-Wille, and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, eds. Heredity Produced: at the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500-1870. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2007.

Sturdy, S. Scientific Method for Medical Practitioners: The Case Method of Teaching Pathology in Early Twentieth-Century Edinburgh. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 81.4 (2007), 760-92.

Wallis, Jennifer. Investigating the Body in the Victorian Asylum: Doctors, Patients, and Practices. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Worboys, Michael. Spreading Germs: Diseases, Theories, and Medical Practice in Britain, 1865-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.



Bernier, Jacques. Disease, Medicine, and Society in Canada: A Historical Overview. Ottawa: Canadian Historical Association, 2003.

Bliss, Michael. William Osler: A Life in Medicine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Carr, Ian. William Boyd: Silver Tongue and Golden Pen. Canadian Medical Lives Series, no. 15. Markham, Ont.: Hannah Institute and Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 1993.

Fabre, Cara. Challenging Addiction in Canadian Literature and Classrooms. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.

Letts, Harry, and John Jacques. A History of the Canadian Association of Patholo­gists / Histoire de l’Association canadienne des pathologistes. 2nd edn. Kingston, Ont.: Allan Graphics, 1994.

Rheault, M.J. Pierre Masson: His Influence on the Teaching of Pathology in Canada. Canadian Journal of Surgery 28 (1985), 456–7.

Rodin, Alvin E. Oslerian Pathology: An Assessment and Annotated Atlas of Museum Specimens. Lawrence, Kans.: Coronado Press, 1981.

Summers, William C. Félix d’Hérelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Waugh, Douglas. Maudie of McGill: Dr Maude Abbott and the Foundations of Heart Surgery. Canadian Medical Lives Series, no. 13. Toronto: Hannah Institute and Dundurn Press.


France  (ou en français)

Ankeny, Rachel. Maladie et santé: concepts et représentations. In B. Fantini et L.L. Lambrichs, eds. Histoire de la pensée médicale contemporaine: Evolutions, découvertes, controverses. France: Éditions du Seuil, 2014, 11-24.

Augé, Marc, et Claudine Herzlich. Le sens du mal; anthropologie, histoire, sociologie de la maladie, 5e éd. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines, 2000.

Canguilhem, Georges. Le normal et le pathologique. Presses Universitaires de France, 2013.

Crignon, Claire, et David Lefebvre, eds. Médecins et philosophes; une histoire. Paris: CNRS, 2019.

Froment, Alain. Maladie, souffrance et medecine soignante. Paris: Archives contemporaines, 2001.

Froment, Alain, et Hervé Guy, eds. Archéologie de la santé, anthropologie du soin. La Découverte, 2019.

Gourevitch, Danielle, ed. Maladie et maladies; histoire et conceptualisation; mélanges en l'honneur de Mirko Grmek. Genève: Droz, 1992.

Grmek, M.D., ed. Histoire de la pensée médicale en Occident, tome 2: De la Renaissance aux Lumières. Paris: Seuil, 1997.

Loviconi, Laetitia. Le diagnostic différentiel au Moyen Âge; distinguer les maladies d'apparence voisine. Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2020.

Pilloud, Séverine. Les mots du corps; expérience de la maladie dans les lettres de patients à un médecin du 18e siècle; Samuel Auguste Tissot. Lausanne: BHMS, Bibliothèque d'histoire de la médicine et de la santé, 2013.

Rey, Roselyne. Savoir médical, maladie et philosophie (XVIIIe-XXe siècle); actualité de la pensée de Roselyne Rey, ed. Eric Hamraoui. Paris: Presses de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne, 2016.

Thillaud, P.L.  Cent ans d'archéologie médicale, d'iconodiagnostic et de paleopathologie a la S.F.H.M. Histoire des Sciences Médicales 37.3 (2003): 381-88.

Wallach, D. Un siècle d'histoire de la dermatologie en France. Histoire des Sciences Médicales 37.3 (2003): 389-98.

Weber, Anne-Gaëlle. Passerelles, entre sciences et littératures. Paris: Classiques Garnier, 2019.


United States / Etats Unis

Grob, Gerald. The Deadly Truth: A History of Disease in America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2002 [explores why life expectancy is rising].

Hansen, Bert. Picturing Medical Progress from Pasteur to Polio: A History of Mass Media Images and Popular Attitudes in America. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2009.

Lerner, Barron H. Breast Cancer Wars: Hope, Fear, and the Pursuit of a Cure in Twentieth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Louis, David N. and Robert H. Young. Keen Minds to explore the Dark Continents of Disease: A History of the Pathology Services at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Boston, Mass.: Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 2011.

King, Lester S. Transformations in American Medicine: From Benjamin Rush to William Osler. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Savitt, Todd Lee. Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Savitt, Todd Lee, and James Harvey Young, eds. Disease and Distinctiveness in the American South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988.

Stone, Paul. Legacy of Excellence: The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1862-2011. Fort Detrick, Md.: Borden Institute; Fort Sam Houston,Texas: US Army Medical Dept. Center and School; Washington, D.C., 2011.

Tomes, Nancy, The Gospel of Germs: Men, Women, and the Microbe in American Life. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Wailoo, Keith. Drawing Blood: Technology and Disease Identity in Twentieth-Century America. Baltimore:  Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Warner, John Harley. The Therapeutic Perspective: Medical Practice, Knowledge, and Identity in America, 1820–1885. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard Uni­versity Press, 1986; Princeton University Press, 1997 [on ‘normal,’ see 89–91].


A Few Histories of Various Diseases / Quelques histoires des maladies.

Many other histories of disease can be found in libraries and through online booksellers. See also bibliographies of the other chapters.

De nombreuses autres histoires de maladies peuvent être trouvées dans les bibliothèques et les librairies en ligne. Voir aussi les bibliographies des autres chapitres.


Ardagna, Yann, et Benoît Pouget. La syphilis; itinéraires croisés en Méditerranée et au-delà; XVIe-XXIe siècles. Aix-en-Provence: Presses universitaires de Provence, 2021.

Arrizabalaga, Jon, John Henderson, Roger French. The Great Pox: The French Disease in Renaissance Europe. New Haven; Yale University Press, 1997.

Ballenger, Jesse F. Self, Senility, and Alzheimer's Disease in Modern America: A History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Cousins, Norman. Anatomy of an Illness as Perceived by the Patient. New York: Norton, 1979.

Debré. Patrice. La recherche en temps d'épidémie; du sida au Covid, histoire de l'ANRS. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2021.

Delaporte, François. La maladie de Chagas; Histoire d'un fléau continental. Paris: Payot, 1999.

Droixhe, Daniel. Les charlatans du cancer; offre thérapeutique et presse médicale dans la France des Lumières. Paris: Hermann, 2018.

Duckett, Serge. L'histoire de l'épidémie de la maladie du Kuru. Thèse de doctorat, dir. Danielle Gourevitch. Paris: EPHE, 2001.

Fukuyama, Yokio. Congenital Muscular Dystrophy – History and Perspectives. Brain and Nerve 60.1 (2008): 43–51.

Ghesquier-Pourcin, Danièle. L'affaire de la gale; histoire de la maladie spécifique. Paris: Hermann, 2009.

Golden, Janet. Message in a Bottle: The Making of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Grmek, Mirko D. Histoire du sida; début et origine d'une pandémie actuelle. Nouv. éd. Paris: Payot, 2008.

Grmek, Mirko D. History of AIDS, trans. R.C. Maulitz and J. Duffin, Princeton U Press, 1990.

Hamlin, Christopher, Cholera: the Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. 

Hamlin, Christopher, More than Hot: A Short History of Fever. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Homei, Aya and Michael Worboys. Fungal Disease in Britain and the United States 1850-2000: Mycoses and Modernity. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Jackson, Mark. Allergy: The History of a Modern Malady. London: Reaktion, 2006.

Jackson, Mark. The Routledge History of Disease. Abingdon, Oxon: New York, NY: Routledge, 2016.

Jones, David S. Broken Hearts: The Tangled History of Cardiac Care. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Kahn, Richard J. Diseases in the District of Maine 1772 to 1820: The Unpublished Work of Jeremiah Barker, a Rural Physician in New England. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

Kroker, Kenton. The Sleep of Others and the Transformations of Sleep Research. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.

Kushner, Howard. A Cursing Brain? The Histories of Tourette Syndrome. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Mukherjee, Siddhartha. The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer, New York: Scribner, 2011.

Murray, T. Jock. Multiple Sclerosis: The History of a Disease. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, 2005.

Peitzman, Stephen J. Dropsy Dialysis, Transplant: A Short History of Failing Kidneys. Baltimore; Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.

Porter, Roy and G.S. Rousseau. Gout: The Patrician Malady. New Haven and Lon­don: Yale University Press, 1998.

Reinarz, Jonathan, and Kevin Siena, eds. A Medical History of Skin: Scratching the Surface. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2013.

Rouëssé, Jacques. Une histoire du cancer du sein en occident; enseignements et réflexions. Paris: Springer, 2011.

Schaffner, Anna Katharina. Exhaustion: A History. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016.

Shorter, Edward. From Paralysis to Fatigue: A History of Psychosomatic Illness in the Modern Era. New York and Toronto: Free Press, 1992.

Smith, Matthew. Another Person's Poison: A History of Food Allergy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.

Timmermann, Carsten. A History of Lung Cancer: The Recalcitrant Disease. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Tuchman, Arleen Maria. Diabetes: A History of Race and Disease, London and New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020.

Tursz, Thomas. La nouvelle médecine du cancer; histoire et espoir. Paris: O. Jacob, 2013.

Volpé, Robert, and Clark Sawin. Graves' Disease: A Historical Perspective. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2000.

Vostral, Sharra L. Toxic Shock: A Social History. New York: New York University Press, 2018.

Weisz, George. Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century: A History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Whitehouse, Peter J. , Konrad; Maurer, and Jesse F. Ballenger, eds. Concepts of Alzheimer Disease: Biological, Clinical, and Cultural Perspectives. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Wilson, A. On the History of Disease Concepts: The Case of Pleurisy. History of Science 38 Pt 3.121 (2000), 271-319.

Young, Sera L. Craving Earth: Understanding Pica: The Urge to Eat Clay, Starch, Ice, and Chalk. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

See also special issue, Medicine, Crime and Punishment. Lancet 364, Supplement December 2004.            .