Technology and Disease: Stethoscopes, Hospitals, and Other Gadgets

Technologie et maladie : stéthoscopes, hôpitaux et autres gadgets


Topics in this page / Sujets ici


General works / Ouvrages généraux

Antiquity to the Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

Hospitals / Hôpitaux

Britain / Iles Britanniques



United States / Etats Unis


General works / Ouvrages généraux

including specific technologies; y compris technologies spécifiques

Arnold, David. Science, Technology, and Medicine in Colonial India. The New Cambridge History of India, pt. 3, vol5. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Baker, Jeffrey The Machine in the Nursery: Incubator Technology and the Origins of Newborn Intensive Care. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Bashshur, Rashid L. and Gary W. Shannon. History of Telemedicine: Evolution, Context, and Transformation. New Rochelle, NY: Mary Ann Liebert, 2009.

Blaufox, M. Donald. An Ear to the Chest: An Illustrated History of the Evolution of the Stethoscope.  New York: Parthenon, 2002.

Blume, Stuart S. The Artificial Ear: Cochlear Implants and the Culture of Deafness, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010.

Braun, Lundy. Breathing Race into the Machine: The Surprising Career of the Spirometer from Plantation to Genetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

Brodsky, Ira S. The History and Future of Medical Technology. St. Louis, MO: Telescope Books, 2010.

Bunn, Geoffrey C. The Truth Machine: A Social History of the Lie Fetector. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012.

Burnham, John C. Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Burns, Stanley B. and Elizabeth A. Burns. Stiffs, Skulls & Skeletons: Medical Photography and Symbolism. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2015.

Bynum, W.F., and Roy Porter, eds. Medicine and the Five Senses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Bynum, William, and Helen Bynum, eds. Great Discoveries in Medicine. London: Thames & Hudson, 2011.

Carlsson, Sten.A Glance at the History of Nuclear Medicine. Acta Oncologica 34 (1995): 1095–102.

Casper, Stephen T. and Delia Gavrus, eds. The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences: Technique, Technology. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2017.

Chan, Alan Kam-leung, Gregory K. Clancey, and Hui-Chieh Loy. Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine. Singapore; River Edge, NJ: Singapore University Press; World Scientific, 2001.

Channell, David F. A History of Technoscience: Erasing the Boundaries between Science and Technology. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2017.

Collins, Steven W. The Race to Commercialize Biotechnology: Molecules, Markets, and the State in the United States and Japan. London; New York: Routledge Curzon, 2004.

Colwell, Rita R. Fulfilling the Promise of Biotechnology. Biotechnology Advances 20 (2002): 215-28.

Creager, Angela N. H., Elizabeth Lunbeck, and Londa L. Schiebinger. Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine. Women in Culture and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Cromwell, Judith Lissauer. Florence Nightingale, Feminist. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2013.

Davis, Audrey B. Medicine and Its Technology: An Introduction to the History of Medical Instrumentation. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1981.

DeJong-Lambert, William. The Cold War Politics of Genetic Research: An Introduction to the Lysenko Affair.  Dordrecht: Springer, 2012.

Drucker, Donna J. The Machines of Sex Research: Technology and the Politics of Identity, 1945-1985. Dordrecht; New York: Springer, 2014.

Duffin, Jacalyn. To See with a Better Eye: A Life of R.T.H. Laennec. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Ellenbogen, Josh. Reasoned and Unreasoned Images: The Photography of Bertillon, Galton, and Marey. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012.

Figdor, Peter Paul and Thorsten Brandt. The Development of Endoscopy in the 19th Century: Including a Documentation on the Teturn of Bozzini’s Original Light Conductor from the USA to Vienna. 2nd ed. Tuttlingen: Endo Press, 2010.

Fujimura, Joan. H. Crafting Science: A Sociohistory of the Quest for the Genetics of Cancer. Harvard University Press, 1996.

Goldberg, D.S. Suffering and death among early American Roentgenologists: The power of remotely anatomizing the living body in fin-de-siecle America. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85.1 (2011):1-28.

Gordon, Sarah A. Indecent exposures: Eadweard Muybridge’s Animal Locomotion Nudes. New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 2015.

Hoffman, William, and Leo Furcht. The Biologist's Imagination: Innovation in the Biosciences. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Howell, Joel D. The CT Scan after 50 Years — Continuity and Change. New England Journal of Medicine 385.2 (July 2021): 104-5.

Hughes, S. S. Making Dollars out of DNA. The First Major Patent in Biotechnology and the Commercialization of Molecular Biology, 1974-1980. Isis 92 (2001): 541-75.

Joyce, Kelly A. and Meika Loe. Technogenarians: Studying Health and Illness through an Ageing, Science, and Technology Lens. Chichester; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Kevles, Bettyann. Naked to the Bone: Medical Imaging in the Twentieth Century. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

Krebs, Robert E. and Carolyn Krebs.  Groundbreaking Scientific Experiments, Inventions, and Discoveries through the Ages. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2003.

Lee, W. David, Jeffrey Drazen, Phillip A. Sharp, and Robert S. Langer. From X-rays to DNA: How Engineering Drives Biology. Cambridge, Massachusetts London: The MIT Press, 2014.

Lipkin, Steven Monroe, and Jon R. Luoma. The Age of Genomes: Tales from the Front Lines of Genetic Medicine. Boston: Beacon Press, 2016.

Martensen, Robert L. A Life Worth Living: A Doctor's Reflections on Illness in a High-Tech Era. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008.

Maxwell, Anne Picture Imperfect: Photography and Eugenics 1870-1940. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2008.

McKellar, Shelley. Artificial Hearts: The Allure and Ambivalence of a Controversial Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018.

Miller, Charles E. Morcellation equipment: past, present, and future. [Review]. Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology 30.1 (2018):69-74.

Müller-Wille, Staffan, and Christina Brandt. Heredity Explored: between Public Domain and Experimental Science, 1850-1930. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2016.

Müller-Wille, Staffan, and Hans-Jörg Rheinberger. A Cultural History of Heredity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.

Naqvi, N. H., and M. Donald Blaufox. Blood Pressure Measurement: An Illustrated History. New York: Parthenon Pub. Group, 1998.

Nezhat C., and R.K. Zurawin RK. Development and history of morcellators. [Review]. Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology 30.1 (2018):65-68. Bredekamp, Horst, Vera Dünkel, and Birgit Schneider, eds. The Technical Image: A History of Styles in Scientific Imagery. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press; New York City: Bard Graduate Center, 2015.

Payne, Alina, ed. Vision and Its Instruments: Art, Science, and Technology in Early Modern Europe. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2015.

Peitzman, Steven J. Dropsy, Dialysis, Transplant: A Short History of Failing Kidneys. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.

Perkins, Barbara Bridgman. Cancer, Radiation Therapy, and the Market. London; New York, NY: Routledge, 2017.

Pickstone, John V. Ways of Knowing: A New History of Science, Technology and Medicine. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Pickstone, John V., ed. Medical Innovations in Historical Perspective. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.

Postman, Neil. Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. New York: Knopf, 1992.

Prasad, Amit. Imperial Technoscience: Transnational Histories of MRI in the United States, Britain, and India. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2014.

Rabinow, Paul. Making PCR: A Story of Biotechnology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Reiser, Stanley Joel. Medicine and the Reign of Technology. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Reiser, Stanley Joel. Technological Medicine: The Changing World of Doctors and Patients. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Rieger, Bernhard. Technology and the Culture of Modernity in Britain and Germany, 1890 - 1945. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.

Risse, Guenter B. Mending Bodies, Saving Souls: A History of Hospitals. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Rothman, David J. Strangers at the Bedside: A History of How Law and Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making. 2nd ed. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 2003.

Schlich, Thomas, and Ulrich Tröhler, eds. The Risks of Medical Innovation: Risk Perception and Assessment in Historical Context. London; New York: Routledge, 2006.

Sheehan, Tanya. Doctored: The Medicine of Photography in Nineteenth-Century America. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2011.

Smith, Pamela H., Amy R.W. Meyers, and Harold J. Cook, eds. Ways of Making and Knowing: The Material Culture of Empirical Knowledge. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2014.

Snider, Gordon L. Historical Perspective on Mechanical Ventilation: From Simple Life Support System to Ethical Dilemma. American Review of Respiratory Disease 140 (1989): S2–7.

Stanton, Jennifer. Innovations in Health and Medicine: Diffusion and Resistance in the Twentieth Century. London; New York: Routledge, 2002.

Tenner, Edward. Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences. New York: Knopf, 1996.

Thackray, Arnold, ed. Private Science: Biotechnology and the Rise of the Molecular Sciences. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.

Timmermann, Carsten, and Julie Anderson, eds. Devices and Designs: Medical Technologies in Historical Perspective. Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Tsu, Jing, and Benjamin A. Elman, eds. Science and Technology in Modern China, 1880s-1940s. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2014.

Weiner, Dora B. The Citizen-Patient in Revolutionary and Imperial Paris. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Wilder, Kelley Photography and Science. London: Reaktion, 2009.

Yi, Doogab. The Recombinant University: Genetic Engineering and the Emergence of Stanford Biotechnology. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2015.


Antiquity to the Enlightenment / Antiquité aux Lumières

Bowers, Barbara S., ed. Medieval Hospital and Medical Practice. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Brasher, Sally Mayall. Hospitals and Charity: Religious Culture and Civic Life in Medieval Northern Italy. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017.

Cavallo, Sandra. Charity and Power in Early Modern Italy: Benefactors and Their Motives in Turin, 1541-1789. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Crislip, Andrew T. From Monastery to Hospital: Christian Monasticism & the Transformation of Health Care in Late Antiquity. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.

Hickey, Daniel. Local Hospitals and Ancien Régime France: Rationalization, Resis­tance, Renewal, 1530–1789. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997.

Horden, Peregrine. Hospitals and Healing from Antiquity to the Later Middle Ages. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.

Miller, Timothy S. The Birth of the Hospital in the Byzantine Empire. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Ragab, Ahmed. The Medieval Islamic Hospital: Medicine, Religion, and Charity. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Wilson, Adrian. Ideas and Practices in the History of Medicine. 1650-1850. Farnham, Surrey: Gower Publishing Limited, 2014.


Hospitals / Hôpitaux

Abreu, Laurinda, and Sally Sheard, eds. Hospital Life: Theory and Practice from the Medieval to the Modern. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2013.

Bonfield, Christopher, Jonathan Reinarz and Teresa Huguet-Termes, eds. Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2013.

Finzsch, Norbert, and Robert Jütte, eds. Institutions of Confinement: Hospitals, Asylums, and Prisons in Western Europe and North America, 1500-1950. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Foucault, Michel, et al. Les machines à guérir: Aux origines de l’hôpital moderne. Brussels: Mardaga, 1979.

Hickey, Daniel. Local Hospitals and Ancien Régime France: Rationalization, Resis­tance, Renewal, 1530–1789. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997.

Keyvanian, Carla. Hospitals and Urbanism in Rome, 1200-1500. Leiden: Brill, 2015.

Kisacky, Jeanne Susan. Rise of the Modern Hospital: An Architectural History of Health and Healing, 1870-1940. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2017.

Laget, Pierre-Louis, Claude Laroche, Isabelle Duhau, et al.  L’hôpital en France: du Moyen âge à nos jours: histoire & architecture. 2nd ed. Lyon: Éditions Lieux Dits, 2016.

McKee, Martin. Reducing Hospital Beds: What Are the Lessons to Be Learned? London: European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, report no. 6, 2004.

Reinarz, Jonathan, and Leonard Schwarz, eds. Medicine and the Workhouse. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2013.

Richelle, Sophie. Hospices; une histoire sensible de la vieillesse; Bruxelles, 1830-1914. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2019.

Willis, Julie, Philip Goad, and Cameron Logan. Architecture and the Modern Hospital: Nosokomeion to Hygeia. Abingdon, Oxon; New York, NY: Routledge, 2019.


Britain / Iles Britanniques

Abel-Smith, Brian. The Hospitals, 1800–1948: A Study in Social Administration in England and Wales. London: Heinemann, 1964.

Adams, Annmarie. Architecture in the Family Way: Doctors, Houses, and Women, 1870– 1900. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1996.

Arnold, Dana. The Spaces of the Hospital: Spatiality and Urban Change in London, 1680-1820. London: Routledge, 2013.

Chevandier, Christian. L'hôpital dans la France du XXe siècle. Paris: Perrin, 2009.

Currie, Margaret R. Fever Hospitals and Fever Nurses in Britain. London; New York: Routledge, 2005.

Heaman, Elsbeth A. St Mary's: The History of a London Teaching Hospital. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, and Liverpool University Press, 2003.

Morus, I. R.The Measure of Man: Technologizing the Victorian Body. History of Science 37 Pt 3.117 (1999): 249-82.

Reinarz, Jonathan. Health Care in Birmingham: The Birmingham Teaching Hospitals 1779-1939. Woodbridge; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2009.

Risse, Guenter B. Hospital Life in Enlightenment Scotland: Care and Teaching at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Siena, Kevin Patrick. Venereal Disease, Hospitals, and the Urban Poor; London's ‘Foul Wards,’ 1600-1800. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2004.

Stevenson, Christine. Medicine and Magnificence: British Hospital and Asylum Architecture, 1660-1815. London: Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, 2001.

Waddington, Keir. Charity and the London Hospitals, 1850-1898. New York: Boydell, 2000.

Woodward, John. To Do the Sick No Harm; a Study of the British Voluntary Hospital System to 1875. London; Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.



Adams, Annmarie. Medicine by Design: The Architect and the Modern Hospital, 1893-1943. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.

Agnew, G. Harvey. Canadian Hospitals 1920 to 1970: A Dramatic Half Century. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974.

Aldrick, John E., and Brian C. Lentle. A New Kind of Ray: The Radiological Sciences in Canada, 1895–1995. Vancouver: Canadian Association of Radiologists, 1995.

Connor, J.T.H. Doing Good: The Life of Toronto’s General Hospital. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Drees, Laurie Meijer. Healing Histories: Stories from Canada's Indian Hospitals. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2013.

Gagan, David , and Rosemary Gagan. For Patients of Moderate Means: A Social History of the Voluntary Public General Hospital in Canada, 1890-1950. Montreal; Kingston, Ont.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Gagan, David , and Rosemary Gagan. A Necessity among Us’: The Owen Sound General and Marine Hospital, 1891–1985. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990.

Hayter, Charles R.R. Making Sense of Shadows: Dr. James Third and the Introduction of X-Rays, 1896 to 1902.Canadian Medical Association Journal 153 (1995): 1249–56.

Hayter, Charles R.R. An Element of Hope: Radium and the Response to Cancer in Canada, 1900–1940. Montreal; Kingston, Ont.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Jarrell, R.A. and N.R. Ball. Science, Technology and Canadian History: Les Sciences, la technologie et l'histoire et l'histoire, Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier Press, 2006.

Kirk-Montgomery, Allison, and Shelley McKellar. Medicine and Technology in Canada, 1900-1950. Ottawa: Canada Science and Technology Museum, 2008.

McKellar, Shelley. Surgical Limits: The Life of Gordon Murray. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

Reaume, Geoffrey. Lyndhurst: Canada’s First Rehabilitation Centre for People with Spinal Cord Injuries, 1945-1998. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007.

Segall, Harold N. Pioneers of Cardiology in Canada, 1820–1970. Willowdale, Ont.: Hounslow Press, 1988.

Shorter, Edward. A Century of Radiology in Toronto. Toronto: Wald and Emerson, 1996.

Sinclair, Duncan, Mark Rochon and Peggy Leatt. Riding the Third Rail: The Story of Ontario’s Health Services Restructuring Commission, 1996-2000. Montreal: McGill Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Twohig, Peter. Labour in the Laboratory: Medical Laboratory Workers in the Maritimes, 1900-1950. Montreal McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.



Astruc, Alexis, Samuel Sarfati, and Bruno Halioua. Télémédecine: Les débuts de l’histoire. La Presse Médicale Formation 1.5 (2020): 551-57.

Boyer-Labrouche, Annie. Corps et âmes: Les hommes et la médecine au XVIIIe siècle. Paris: L'Harmattan, Paris, 2017.

Chandelier, Joël, Catherine Verna et Nicolas Weill-Parot. Science et technique au Moyen Âge: (XIIe-XVe siècle). Saint-Denis: Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, 2017.

Chevandier, Christian. L'hôpital dans la France du XXe siècle. Paris: Perrin, 2009.

Germain, Michel. La microchirurgie dans le monde: Les débuts, l'évolution Paris: Éd. Glyphe, 2011.

Hickey, Daniel. Local Hospitals and Ancien Régime France: Rationalization, Resis­tance, Renewal, 1530–1789. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997.

Laget, Pierre-Louis, Claude Laroche, Isabelle Duhau, et al.  L’hôpital en France: du Moyen âge à nos jours: histoire & architecture. 2nd ed. Lyon: Éditions Lieux Dits, 2016.

Léonard, Jacques. La médecine entre les savoirs et les pouvoirs: Histoire intellectuelle et politique de la médecine française au XIXe siècle. Aubier-Montaigne, 1992.

Léonard, Jacques. La France médicale: médecins et malades au XIXe siècle. Paris: Gallimard Julliard, Paris, 1978.

Marec, Yannick, Jacques Poisat, et Daniel Moinard, Hôpital, ville et citoyenneté. Mont-Saint-Aignan: Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre, 2021.

Martin, Jean-Pierre. L'instrumentation médico-chirurgicale en caoutchouc en France: XVIIIe-XIXe. Paris: L'Harmattan, Paris, 2013.

Renaud, M. et L. Bouchard. Technologies médicales et changements de valeurs. Sociologie et sociétés, numero special 28.2 (1996).

Roux, Déchamp-Le. L'emprise de la technologie médicale sur la qualité sociale. L'emprise de la technologie médicale sur la qualité sociale (2002): 1-274.

Thebaud, Annie, et France Lert. Maladie subie, maladie dominée, industrialisation et technologie médicale: Le cas de la tuberculose. Social Science & Medicine 21.2 (1985): 129-37.


United States / Etats Unis

Bontecou, Reed B., and Stanley B. Burns, ed. Shooting Soldiers: Civil War Medical Photography. New York: Burns Archive Press, 2011.

Clarke, Adele E. et al. eds. Biomedicalization: Technoscience, Health, and Illness in the U.S. Durham, NC; London: Duke University Press, 2010.

Davis, Audrey B.Life Insurance and the Physical Examination: A Chapter in the Rise of Amer­ican Medical Technology.Bulletin of the History of Medicine 55 (1981): 392–406.

Fye, W. Bruce. American Cardiology: The History of a Specialty and Its College. Balti­more: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Howell, Joel D. Technology in the Hospital: Transforming Patient Care in the Early Twentieth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995.

Martin, Stephen C., and Joel D. Howell. Creating University Hospitals: Rationales and Realities. Academic Medicine 70 (1995): 1012–16.

Oshinsky, David. Bellevue: Three Centuries of Medicine and Mayhem at America's Most Storied Hospital. New York: Doubleday, 2016.

Reinhart, Richard A. The Stethoscope in 19th-Century American Practice: Ideas, Rhetoric, and Eventual Adoption. Can. Bull. Med. Hist 37.1 (2020): 50–87.

Rosenberg, Charles E. The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America’s Hospital System. New York: Basic Books, 1987.

Serlin, David Harley. Replaceable You: Engineering the Body in Postwar America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Stevens, Rosemary. In Sickness and in Wealth: American Hospitals in the Twentieth Century. New York: Basic Books, 1989.

Warner, Deborah Jean.The Campaign for Medical Microscopy in Antebellum America. Bulletin of the HIstory of Medicine 69 (1995): 367-86.


Science and Culture devoted an issue to the Asilomar conference and its legacy, 14 (2005): number 4.

The Journal of the History of Biology devoted an entire issue to the development of radioistopes, 39 (2006) number 4.